BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 45 to the window, when, 10 ! the '' battalion " turned out to be Lord Binning (afterwards Earl of Haddington) who was receiving military instructions from the redoubtable Sergeant-Major. On one occasion, when at drill, Gould called out to the regiment" Steady, gentlemen, steady ; a soldier is a mere machine. He must not move-he must not speak-and, as for thinking, no ! no !-no man under the rank of a field-officer is allowed to think !" In short, what between his broad humour and absurd pomposity, the gentlemen privates of the regiment bore from him what they would not have submitted to from the Lieutenant-Colonel or any of the officers. When the regiment was reduced in 1814, his full-pay was continued to him for life-a benefit he did not long enjoy. Until the day of his death he always wore his full-dress regimentals. Gould's notions of military discipline are best given in his own words. No. CLXXXVI. MR. BENJAMIN BELL, SURGEON. THIS eminent surgeon was a native of Dumfriesshire,l where his progenitors possessed the estate of Blackett House for several centuries. This property having devolved to him on the death of his grandfather, he gave a remarkable instance of disinterested generosity, by disposing of it, and applying the proceeds in educating himself and the younger branches of the family-fourteen in nnmber. The judgment displayed in this step continued to characterise Mr. Bell through life ; and few instances are on record in which a sacrifice so liberal has been followed by a more complete reward. Having received an excellent classical education under Dr. Chapman, Rector of the grammar-school at Dumfries, Mr. Bell became the apprentice of Mr. Hill, a much esteemed surgeon there ; and, by the ardour with which he discharged his duties, speedily acquired the confidence and friendship of his master. In 1766 he repaired to the University of Edinburgh; and, while he eagerly embraced the numerous opportunities of improvement afforded by the eminent Professors of the day, he commended himself to their regard by his uncommon assiduity, and laid the foundation of that celebrity which he afterwards attained. In 1770, Mr, Bell was admitted a member of the Royal College of Surgeons; and, after devoting two years to study in London and Paris, he returned to Edinburgh, and commenced business about the close of 1772. He entered into public life with no adventitious support, having scarcely any friends in Edinburgh, His father, Mr. George Bell, had in early life been engaged in the Levant trade ; but, haring met with serious losses, and been made prisoner by the Spaniards, he retired to a farm in Eskdale, belonging to the Duke of Bucclench, where he lived to an advanced age.
46 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. excepting such as had become attached to him during his attendance at the University. The rapidity with which Mr, Bell rose in his profession was remarkable. He was not less eminent as a consulting surgeon than as an operator ; and he enjoyed to an extraordinary degree, the confidence of his professional brethren and of the country. In addition to his natural and acquired abilities, two points in E. Bell’s character seem to have contributed much to promote his successa fixed determination that not an hour should be misapplied, and a never-failing kindly attention to the interests and feelings of those who placed themselves under his care. The extent to which the first of these considerations prevailed is evinced by the variety of his publications. Besides several treatises on distinct professional subjects, and an extended system of surgery, he is understood to have been the author of not a few political and economical tracts, called forth by the engrossing interest of the times, and of a series of essays on agriculture -a pursuit which he cherished during the busiest years of his life, and which afforded him employment when his health no longer su5ced for much professional exertion. hlr. Bell’s address was mild and engaging; his information varied and extensive ; and his powers of oonversation such that his society was much courted. He was born in 1749. He married in 1774 the only daughter of Dr. Robert Hamilton, Professor of Divinity, and died in 1806, leaving four sons. No. CLXXXVII. “THE FIVE ALLS.” THE characters in this grotesque classification of portraitures have been previously noticed, with the exception of two-Mr. Rocheid of Inverleith and his Satanic Majesty, whose biography was, at the beginning of last century, penned by the author of Robiiuon Crusoe. The figure in the pulpit represents the REV. DR. ANDREW HUNTER, of the Tron Church, whose benevolence might well be said to extend to all ; and the uncombed head, in the desk beneath, is intended to indicate Mr. John Campbell, precentor. The gentleman in the long robe, said to “Plead for All,” is the HON. HENRY ERSKINE ; and perhaps, in reference to his character as the poor man’s lawyer, to no other member of the Scottish bar of his time could the observation be more appropriately applied. The centre figure is JAMES ROCHEID,’ Esq. of Inverleith, a gentleman l Pronounced and sometimes spelt Roughead.