BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES, 215 period the Count frequently Visited London, from whence, it is said, he directed the operations of the Chouans in Bretagne. He also visited Sweden in 1804, and again returned to Britain in 1806. CHARLES PHILIP COUNT DARTOIS, brother of Louis XVI., was born in 1757.’ “At the beginning of the Revolution he declared against its principles, and was one of the most zealous defenders of the royal prerogatives.” At length a price having been set on his head by the Convention, he was under the necessity of withdrawing himself from France; and, from 1789 till 1794, continued a wanderer among various continental courts. Towards the end of the last-mentioned year the British Government granted him an allowance, when he embarked for Britain. Previous to the Revolution, which proved so destructive to his family, the Count is described to have been the most gay, gaudy, fluttering, accomplished, luxurious, and expensive Prince in Europe.” He married Maria Theresa, daughter of the King of Sardinia, in 1773, by whom he had two sons,-the eldest of whom, the Duc d‘Angouleme, accompanied him in his exile, and arrived at Holyrood House a few days after his father. The life of the Count d‘iirtois has been very much chequered. On the restoration of the Bourbon dynasty in 1815, his elder brother, the Count de Provence, ascended the throne of France as Louis XVIII., and on his death the Count succeeded to the crown under the title of Charles X.; but the well-known recent events of the “ Glorious Three Days ” again drove him and his family into exile. In 1830 he once more took up his residence at Holyrood, where he resided with the Duc and Duchess d‘iingouleme, and his grandson the Duc de Bourdeaux, till 1833, when he retired to Gratz, a town of Illyria in the Austrian dominions. There he died of inflammation in the bowels, November 6, 1836, in the seventy-fifth year of his age. L , Can Scotia hear my mournful tale, And Scotia not afford relief? Oh ! let the voice of woe prevail- Thy tenderness will soothe my grief.” When the Count revisited Holyrood aa Charles X., the author of these lines then presented him with a few lines of condolence and congratulation by the hand of a confidential friend. In December 1763 the subject of this notice acted a part in a little drama of compliment with which David Hume was treated at t4e French Court, in consideration of his literary merits. We make the following extract from a letter of Hume to Dr. Robertson :-“What happened last week, when I had the honour of being presented to the Dauphin’s children at Versailles, is one of the most curious scenes I have yet passed through. The Due de B. (Bourdeaux, afterwards Louis XVI.), the eldest, 8 boy ten years old, stepped forth, and told me how many friends and admirers I had in this country, and that he reckoned himself in the number, from the pleasure he had received from reading many passages of my works. When he had finished, the Count de P. ‘(Provence, afterwards Louis XVIII.), who is two years younger, began his discourse, and informed me that I had been long and impatiently expected in France ; and that he himself expected soon to have great satisfnction from the reading of my fine history. But, what is more curious, when I waa carried thence to the Count d’A (Artois), who is but four (six) years of age, I heard him mumble something, which, though he had forgot it in the way, I conjectured, from some scattered words, to have been also a panegyric dictated to him. Nothing could more surprise my friends, the Parisian philosophers, than thia incident.”- RITCHIE’S Life of H u e , 155.
216 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. No. XC. JOHN DHU. THIS is another likeness of the renowned civic guardsman, of whom a short notice has been given in No. 11. The warlike career of the well-known flhhon, however, had not always been confined to the quelling of mob# and drunken squabbles : he was “A soldier in his youth, and fought in famous battles,” having originally belonged to the 42d Regiment, in which he was right-hand man of the grenadiers. He was in every respect a capital specimen of one of those doughty heroes to whom Burns alludes in his “Earnest Cry and Prayer,” “ But bring a Scotsman frae his hill- Clap in his cheek a Highland gi11- Say such is Royal George’s will, An’ there’s the foe- He has nae thocht but how to kill Twa at a blow.” John nobly supported the character of his countrymen at the attack on Ticonderago, in North America, where the U Royal Highlanders ” were distinguished by most unexampled gallantry - although they at the same time suffered severely for their temerity. After sharing in the manifold fatigues of the Canadian war, John was discharged; and, as stated in the former notice, became one of the Edinburgh Town Guard. While in this situation he was met one very warm day, whilst going down to Leith Races, by Captain Charles Menzies, who had been a cadet in the Royal Highlanders in 1758. Not having seen his old comrade for a long time, the Captain accosted him in a very friendly manner-a condescension highly gratifying to John-and, after a short congratulation, observed, as they were about to part, “ that it was a very hot day.” “ Och, och, Captain,” replied ShOn--“no half siccan a warm day as we had at Ticonderago ! ” Although he had been an undaunted soldier, and was a terror to the mobocracy of Edinburgh, he was altogether a man of kind feelings, and by no means overstepped the limits of his duty, unless very much provoked. Many yet remember his conduct towards those young delinquents, whose petty depredations brought them under his surveillance. After detaining them in the guard-house for a short time, and having administered a little wholesome terror by way of caution, should they “ ever do the like again,” Shm would open the half-door of the guard-room, and push them out with a gentle slap on the breech, saying-“ There noo, pe off; an’ I11 say you’ll didna rin awaymeaning that he wquld make an excuse for them. John was the intimate friend of Stewart, the original Serjeant-major of the 42d Regiment, who died about fifty years ago at Danderhaugh.