88 B I 0 GRAPH I CA L S KE T C HE S, newspapers-denounced as a coward and a scoundrel-and pointed to as one deserving magisterial surveillance. “ I bore it all,” says poor Tytler, “ with patience, well knowing that one successful trial would speedily change the public opinion.” Accordingly, on the third occasion, he did not trust to his friends j he had the stove enlarged nearly a foot, and with great hopes of success proceeded to the trial. So early as five o’clock in the morning the balloon was inflated, and when he took his seat it rose with much force ; but having come in contact with a tree, the stove was broken in pieces, while the adventurer himself narrowly escaped injury. This disaster put an end to the speculation, although not to the spirit of the projector, who remained firmly convinced of the practicability of his invention. Tytler’s first wife being dead, he married, in 1779, a sister of Mr. John Cairns, flesher in Edinburgh, by which union he had one daughter. On the death of his second wife in 1782, he was wedded, a third time, to Miss Aikenhead in December following, by whom, says Mr. Kay’s MS., “he has two daughters (twins) so remarkably like each other, though now four years of age, that they can hardly be distinguished from each other, even by their parents, who are often obliged to ask their name, individually, at the infants themselves.” Kay also mentions, and while he does so, admits his own belief in the practicability of the invention, that he (Tytler) “is at present engaged in the construction of a machine, which, if he completes it according to his expectations, will in all probability make his fortune.” This machine was no less than “the perpetmm mobile, or an instrument which, when once set agoing, will continue in motion for ever !” Kay further adds-“ He has just completed a chemical discovery of a certain water for bleaching linen, which performs the operation in a few hours, without hurting the cloth.” This was a practical and beneficial discovery ; but, like the other labours of Tytler, however much others may have reaped the benefit, it afforded very little to himself. To add to, or rather to crown, the misfortunes of the unlucky son of genius, he espoused the cause of the “Friends of the People,” in 1792, and having published a small pamphlet of a seditious nature, was obliged to abscond. He went to Ireland, where he finished a work previously undertaken, called “A System of Surgery,” in three volumes. Immediately afterwards he removed to the United States, where he resumed his literary labours, but died in a few years after, while conducting a newspaper at Salem His family were never able to rejoin him.’ The third, in the background on the left, represented, when first executed, In a life of Tytler, Edinburgh, 1805, 12m0, it is said that he had “ a brother a medical gentleman of a respectable character on the Staff of Great Britain, well known to the literary by his translation of Callimachus, highly cornmended by the great Quintilian ; ” a strange fact, certainly, and one which, however creditable to the Roman’s prophetic knowledge, says very little for his critical acumen, for more wretched stuff can hardly be figured. Tytler’s anonymous biographer further informs his reader-“He h a also adaughter in Edinburgh, in the capacity of a servant-maid, mrhose conduct, I have remon to believe, is such 89 to be no dis,mce to her respectable connexions.”.
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 89 an ingenious artist, but who, from a feeling of modesty, prevailed 04 the limner to alter it. The fourth, or extreme figure on the left, is MR. JOHN MITCHELL, of the firm of Mitchell and White, hardware-merchants, at that time residing in North Bridge Street. He was a respectable trader, and a great admirer of balloons. The fifth, in the background on the right, is a capital likeness of MR. JAMES NEILSON, writer and clerk to the Rev. Sir Henry Moncreiff Wellwood, Bart., and his predecessors, Mr. Stewart and Dr. Webster, as collectors of the Ministers’ Widows’ Fund. He lived in Turk’s Close, a little to the west of the Luckenbooths, and died a bachelor, in March 1797. He was a particular friend to Lunardi. He belonged, at a former period, to the first volunteer regiment raised in Great Britain, viz. the Edinburgh Defensive Band, The sixth is a striking likeness of JOHN SPOTTISWOOD, Esq., one of the magistrates of Edinburgh, a most respectable gentleman. He was at one time a dealer in Carron-wares in the Grassmarket, and afterwards in Adam Square (South Bridge). Kay has in his MS. preserved the following anecdote relative to him :-This Print had hardly appeared when the Bailie came up to the limner, and challenged him for publishing such a scandalous print, saying he ought to be horsewhipped, and adding that he ought rather to have paid a compliment to Lnnardi, than to have classed him with Lord North the caddy. “ I don’t know,” said Kay, “ but Lord North is as good a man as he ; but I should like to see the man who would horsewhip me.”-“It is one of the horriblest things on earth,” replied the Bailie, “to put me on a level with a caddy.”--“ Oh! Bailie, are you there toot’’ exclaimed Kay, by way of interrogation. “Yes, sir,” returned the magistrate, “you know I am there ; I have a daughter only five years old, who points me out at first sight.”-“ She must be a smart girl,” said the limner; “ but if you please, Bailie, I shall do another print of you by yburse1f.”-“I’d see you hanged first,” answered our hero. “Oh! Bailie, Bailie!” said Kay, “I hope you are not angry.”-“ Angry ! I’m shocking angry !” returned the provoked magistrate, stamping the ground with his foot, to the no small amusement of the spectators who happened to be looking at the prints in Kay’s window, in the Parliament Square, at the time. The Seventh, or extreme figiire on the right, is MYLES M‘PHAIL, better known by the name of LORD NORTH, the Caddy. This sobriquet was bestowed in consequence of his personal resemblance to Lord North, afterwards Earl of Guildford. M‘Phail, besides his occupation as a caddy, kept a tavern in the High Street, and was much esteemed for his activity ; he was also officer of the Caledonian Hunt. On the occasion of Lunardi’s ascent from the .Green of Heriot’s Hospital, Lord North collected the money. N