THE STUARTS TO THE DEATH OF JAMES III. 21 Stuart race towards the permanent prosperity of the Scottish capital. By favour of his charters, its local jurisdiction was left almost exclusively in the hands of its own magistrates ; on them were conferred ample powers for enacting laws for its governance ; with authority, in life and death-still vested in its chief magistrate-an independence which was afterwards defended amid many dangers, down to the period of the Union. By’his charters also in their favour, they obtained the right, which they still hold, to all the customs of the haven and harbour of Leith, with the proprietorship of the adjacent coast, and of all the roads leading thereto ; as well a8 many special privileges conferred on the craftsmen, which they were not slow to protect from encroachment; its his descendant James VI. points out to his son Prince Henry, in the Basilicon Doron--(‘ The craftsmen think we should be content with their work, how bad soever it be; and if in any thing they be controuled, up goes the Blue Blanket ! ” Bishop Kennedy’s Arms-from the choir of St Giles’a Church.