THE HIGH STREET AND NETHER BO W. -25 5 turnpike stair has formerly afforded access to the floor above, and the general construction of the apartment renders it exceedingly probable that it may have been used as a private chapel before the Reformation. It is now subdivided by flimsy modern partitions, and furnishes a residence for several families. The only clue afforded by the title-deeds to former proprietors of any note, is, that here resided a worthy burgess of last century, competitor with the author of the Gentle Shepherd, in his earlier occupation, and the grandfather of one of the most eminent of the modern citizens of Edinburgh, Lord Francis Jeffrey, with whom this old close was a favourite haunt in his boyhood. Over the doorway of the adjoining staircase, which projects into the close, the name of pOpIte @Opt is cut in large old English characters, with a defaced coat of arms between, and on the lowest crow-step a shield is sculptured with armorial bearings, and the initials I. H. The dilapidated building retains considerable traces of former magnificence, as well as undoubted evidence of an early date. The large windows have been each divided with a mullion and transom, and are finished with unusually rich mouldings at the sides. The hall on the first floor, which has been an apartment of considerable size, is now subdivided into separate dwellings by slight wooden partitions. There can be little doubt, we think, from the style of lettering in the inscription and the general character of the building, that this is the mansion of John de Hope, the founder of the Hopetoun family, who came from France in 1537, in the retinue of the Princess Magdalene, Queen of James V., and who afterwards became a substantial burgher in the Luckenbooths, visiting the continent from time to time, and importing French velvets, silks, gold and silver laces, and the like valuable foreign merchandise.’ It seems to be unquestionable that no other John Hope existed in Scotland till the reign of Charles I. ; a date long posterior to that of the building. This was his descendant, Sir John Hope of Craighall, the eldest son of the celebrated Lord Advocate, who was Lord President of the Court of Session during the Protectorate, and to whom Charles 11. owed the shrewd, though unpalatable advice, ‘‘ to treat with Cromwell In the next alley, which is termed Sandilands’ Close, a large and remarkably substantial stone tenement, forms the chief feature on the east side, and presents an appearance of great antiquity. The ground floor of this building is vaulted with stone, and entered by doorways with pointed arches, and over the lower of these is a neat small pointed window or loop-hole, splayed and otherwise constructed as in early Gothic buildings. We present a view of one of the most interesting pieces of ancient sculpture in Edinburgh, which forms part of the internal decorations of this old edifice. It seems to be intended to represent the offering of the Wise Men, and is well executed in bold relief, although, like most other internal decorations in the Old Town, plentifully besmeared with whitewash. It appears to form the end of a very large antique fireplace, the remainder of which is concealed under panneling and partitions of perhaps a century old, while another, of the contracted dimensions usual in later times, has been constructed in the further corner. It is exceedingly probable that much more of this interesting sculpture remains to be disclosed on the removal of these novel additions of recent date. -for the one halff of his cloake before he lost the quhole.” * Coltneea Collectionn, Mait. Club, pp. 16,17. occupied the two booths east of the Old Church style. From which it appeara that John de Hope and his non Edward
256 MEMORIALS OF EDINBURGH. Such of the title-deeds of this property as we have obtained access to are unfortunately quite modern, and contain no reference to early proprietors; but one of the present owners described a sculptured stone, containing a coat of arms surmounted by a mitre, that was removed from over the inner doorway A very fine specimen of the ancient within the last few years at the head of some years since, and which appears to have been the Kennedy arms. If it be permissible to build on such slender data, in the absence of all other evidence, we have here, in all probability, the town mansion of the good , Bishop Kennedy, the munificent patron of learning, and the able and upright counsellor of James 11. and 111.' The whole appearance of the building is perfectly consistent with this supposition. The form and decorations of the doorways, particularly those already described, all prove an early date ; while the large size and elegant mouldings of the windows, and the massive appearance of the wbole building, indicate such magnscence as would well consort with the dignity of the primacy at that early period. timber-fronted lands of the Old Town stood till Trunk's Close, behind the Fountain Well, on the site of a plain stone tenement that has since replaced it. The back portion of the old building, however, still remains entire, including several rooms with fine stuccoed ceilings, and one large hall beautifully finished with richly carved pillasters and oak panneling, which is described in the title-deeds as " presently "--i.e., in 1739--" a meeting-house possest by Mr William Cocburn, minister of the gospel." It had previously formed the residence of Sir John Scot of Ancrum, the first of that title, who was created a baronet by Charles 11. in 1671. From him it was acquired by Sir Gilbert Elliot of Stobs, in 1703, and here resided that baronet, and his more illustrious son, General Elliot, the gallant defender of Gibraltar, better known by his title of Lord Heathfield. On the pediment over the window of a fine old stone land on the west side of Trunk's Close, is the inscription in bold characters :-HODIE MIHI * CRAS - TIBI - It is worthy of notice that the same inscription is appropriately carved in similar characters over the splendid toinb of Thomas Bannatine, in the Greyfriars' Churchyard. Several other ancient tenements in this close are worthy of inspection for their antique irregularity of construction. But the chief Lion among the venerable fabrics of the Old Town of Edinburgh has long been the singularly picturesque structure which terminates the High Street towards the east, and forms the mansion provided shortly after the Reformation, at the expense of the town, for its f i s t parish minister, the great Reformer, John Knox. Chambers remarks A confused tradition of its having been an Episcopal residence is still preserved among the inhabitants, founded, it may be presumed, on the sculptured mitre. The old dame who first admitted US to inspect it, stated that it was Bishop 8undiEands' house; a name, it is perhaps unnecessary to remark, not to be found in Keith's li8t. VroNEmE-Ancient Sculpture, Sandilands' close.