REID’S C L O S E , CAN ON GATE.
L UC‘EN3OOTHS AND PARLIAMENT CLOSE. 2x7 only taken when completely disabled by wounds, and the court was hastily summoned to sit on the following morning, “ that he might not preveen the public execution by his death.” The evidence was found insufticient to convict him of a share in the Rye House Plot, and the king’s advocate proceeded accordingly to lead other accusations of treason against him, among which he charged him as having been one of the masked executioners who beheaded Charles I. He appears to have been a man of most reAolute courage, and a determined republican ; he denied having been the king’s executioner, but readily admitted that he was on guard at the scaffold as one of Cromwell’s troopers, and ‘th<aBt e ihneg ahsakde ds iefr vheed oaws naed litehuet epnreasnetn ti nk ihnigs’ sa ramuyth oarti tyD, uhneb acrr,a vWedo rlceeasvteer ,t oa nbde eDxucnudseede., seeing he need neither offend them nor grate his own conscience.” He was executed the same afternoon, with peculiar barbarity, and his quarters sent to be exposed in some of the chief towns of Scotland, his head being reserved to grace the West Port of Edinburgh. But the day of retribution came at last; the Prince of Orange landed in England, and the feeble representative of the Stuarts was the foremost to desert his own failing cause. From the close of 1688 till March 1689, when a Convention of the Scottish Estates was summoned to meet, Edinburgh was almost left to the government of the rabble. The sack of Holyrood, already described, completely established the superiority of the Presbyterian party, and they signalised their triumph by assaulting the houses of the wealthy Catholics who resided chiefly in the Canongate, which they ‘<ra bbZed,” as the phrase wae, gutting and sometimes setting them on fire. When at length the Convention met, the adherenta of the exiled king crowded to the capital in hopes of yet securing a majority in his favour. Dundee openly marched into the town with a train of sixty horse, while the Whigs with equal promptitude, but secretly, gathered an armed body of the persecuted Presbyterians, whom they concealed in garrets and cellars, ready to sally out at a concerted signal, and turn the scales in favour of their cause. The aumptuous old oaken roof of the Parliament Hall then witnessed as stirring scenes as ever occurred in the turbulent minorities of the Jameses within the more ancient Tolbooth. Dundee arose in his place in the Convention, and demanded that all strangers should be commanded to quit the town, declaring his own life and those of others of the king’s friends to be endangered by the presence of banded assassins. On his demand being rejected, he indignantly left the assembly ; and the Convention, with locked doors and the keys on the table before them, proceeded to judge the government of King James, and to pronounce his crown forfeited and his throne vacant, beneath the same roof where he had so often sat in judgment on the oppressed. Meanwhile Dundee was mustering his dragoons for the rising of the North; the affrighted citizens were beating to arms to pursue him, and the armed Covenanters sallying from their hidingplaces to strike for liberty against the oppressor, on the same streets where they had not openly been seen for years, unless when dragged to torture and execution; while the Convention sternly bent themselves to the great question at issue, expecting every moment that the Duke of Gordon would open a fire on them from the Castle guns, and compel A sort of compromise would seem to have been tacitly entered into with regard to tbb brave “persecutor.” Dalziel and Mackenzie have been delivered up to unmitigated popular infamy, while the same censors still speak of the Bluidy Clavers and the Gallant Dundee, as though they had contrived to divorce hia evil from his good qualities in order innocently to indulge their pride in the hero of Scottish song ! 2E