THE CASTLE. 127 of Scotland is kept. The apartment is a massive bombproof vault, and contains, along with these national treasures, the old, iron-bound oak chest in which they were found in the year 1817. The remarkably elegant crown is referred, with every probability, to the era of Bruce, although it was not adorned with the graceful concentric arches of gold till the r e i p of James V. It was further completed by the substitution of the present cap of crimson velvet by James VIL for the former purple one, which had suffered during its concealment in the civil wars. Next in interest to the crown is the beautiful sword of state, presented by Pope Julius 11. to James IV. The scabbard is richly wrought with filigree work of silver, representing oak boughs adorned with leaves and acorns,-an oak tree being the heraldic device of that warlike Pontiff. In addition to the finely proportioned sceptre, surmounted with statues of the Virgin, St Andrew, and St James, which was made for James V., these interesting national relics are accompanied by the royal jewels, bequeathed by Cardinal York, the last of the Stuarts, to George IV., including the George and collar of the Order of the Garter, presented by Queen Elizabeth to James VI.-the badge of .the Thistle of the same Monarch, containing a portrait of Anne of Denmark,-and the coronation ring of Charles I. The north side of this quadrangle now consists of a plain and uninteresting ra.nge of barracks, erected about the middle of last century, previous to which time the site was occupied by a church of large dimensions and great antiquity. It is described by Maitland as “ a very long and large ancient church, which,” says he, “ from its spacious dimensions, I imagine that it was not only built for the use of the small garrison, but for the service of the neighbouring inhabitants, before St Giles’s Church was erected for their accommodation.” Unfortunately, that laborious and painstaking historian, having little taste for ecclesiastical remains, has furnished no account of the style of architecture by which to judge of its probable date, though his idea of its having existed before the earliest church of St Giles, shows his conviction of its very great antiquity, and would carry its foundation back to a much earlier period than can be assigned to it. This most probabIy was a church that appears to have been built shortly after the death of the pious Queen of Malcolm Canmore, and dedicated to her. ‘‘ the Church of the Castle of Edinburgh,” a and is again confirmed to the Abbey of the Holy Rood in that of Alexander III., as well as in successive Papal bulls.’ Robert II. granted to St Margaret’s Chapel, within the Castle of Edinburgh, an yearly rent of eight pounds sterling, out of the customs of Edinburgh; and this donation is confirmed by Robert IIL’ In the bird’seye view in Cordon’s map, the south elevation is shown ; it also forms a prominent object in Sandby’s view of the Castle from the east, already referred to, and would seem to have been a comparatively plain edifice, with crow-step gables and small windows, and was, in d1 probability, an erection in the Norman style that prevailed at the period. From the latter view, it would also appear to have been roofed with stone flags, and ornamented along the ridge with carved pinnacles, auch as may still be seen on St MaFy’s Church at Leith. This church seems to have been applied to secular purposes soon%fter the Reformation It is mentioned by David I. in his charter of Holyrood, Some idea of the form of the church may be gathered from old views. 1 Maitland, p. 145. a Liber Cartarurn, pp. 64, 169, 186. Liber Cartarurn, pp. 3-7. * Caledonia, vol. ii. p. 693.
I28 MEMORIALS OF EDINBURGH. . In 1595, the following entry occurs in the records of the Presbytery of Edinburgh:- “Anent the desyre of James Reid, Constable of the Castell of Edinburgh, in effect craving that, seing thair was ane paroche kirk within the said Castell, command wald be given to John Brand to baptese the barnis borne in the Castell. The Presbyterie understanding that the kirk thairof is unreparitt, willis the said Constable to repair the same, and to dedicatt it for na uther use bot for preiching. Thairefter his desyre sal be answerit.” Eight years afterwards, it appears, from the same records, that the question of its being a parish was disputed, and still under discussion, and so it remains even to our own day. When Maitland wrote, the old church was divided by floors, and converted into an armoury and storehouse; and soon after his time, it must have been entirely demolished. We have been the more careful in describing the site and general character of the ancient Church of the Castle, in order to prevent its being confounded with a singularly curious and interesting ecclesiastical ediiice still remaining there, immediately to the west of the garrison chapel, the existence of which seems to have been totally lost sight of. Its external appearance, though little calculated to excite attention, leaves little reason to doubt that the original walls remain. It is still in a tolerably perfect condition, consisting of a very small building, measuring sixteen feet six inches, by ten feet six inches within the nave, probably the smallest, as well as the most ancient chapel in Scotland. At the east end, there is a neatly carved,, double, round arch, separating it from a semicircular chancel, with a plain alcoved ceiling. It is decorated with the usual Norman- zigzag mouldings, and finished on the outer side by a border of lozenge-shaped ornaments, the pattern of which is curiously altered as it approaches the spring of the’ arch. No traces of ornament are now apparent within the chancel, a portion of the building usually BO highly decorated, but the space is so small, that the altar, with its customary appendages, would render any further embellishment immaterial. There have been formerly two pillars on each side, supporting the arch, with plain double cushion capitals, which still remain, as well as two of the bases, but the shafts of all the pillars are now wanting, and the opening of the arch is closed in with a rude brick partition in order to adapt the chancel to its modern use as a powder magazine. The original windows of the chapel have all been built up or enlarged, but sufficient remains can be traced to show that they have been plain, round-headed, and very narrow openinga. The original doorway is also built up, but may still be seen in the north wall, close to the west end, an arrangement not unusual in such small chapels, and nearly similar to that at Craigmillar Castle. This interesting edifice is now abandoned to the same uses as the larger church was in Wodrow &fisc., vul. i. p. 463. \’rGNETm-Mouldioga of the Chancel Arch, from the Chapel in the Castle.