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Book 9  p. 17
(Score 1.61)

371 Heriot?s Ho.pital.1 THE EDINBURGH VOLUNTEERS.
By the Act of Parliament referred to, the governors
were empowered to erect from this surplus
revenue their elementary schools withiin the city,
for educating, free of all expense : rst, the children
of all burgesses and freemen in poor circumstances
; znd, the children of burgesses and freemen
who were unable to provide for their sup
port; 3rd, the children of poor citizens of Eclinburgh,
resident within its boundaries. They were
also empowered by the same Act, ? to allow to any
boys, in the course of their education at such
schools, being sons of burgesses and freemen, such
uniform fixed sum of money, in lieu and place
of maintenance, and such uniform fixed sum for fee
as apprentices after their education at the said
schools is completed, as shall be determined.?
There are now sixteen of these free Heriot
schools, in different quarters of Edinburgh, all more
or less elegant and ornate in the details of their
architecture copied from the parent hospitaL . These
schools are attended by upwards of 4,400 boys and
girls.
There are also nine schools in various parts of
the city, open for free instruction in reading,
writing, arithmetic, grammar, French, German, and
drawing, attended by about 1,400 young men and
women.
There are five infant schools maintained from
the surplus funds of the same noble and gefierous
institution. ? On the report of the Bursary Committee
being given in,? at the meeting of governors
in Noveniber 1879, ?? Bailie Tawse stated that they
had at present eighteea of their young men at
college. For the month ending 20th October last,
therewere 4,907 pupils on the roll in George Heriot?s
schools, and r,075 in connectiori with the Hospital
evening classes.?
In the old volunteering times, about the last
years of the eighteenth century and the first years
of the present, the green before the hospital was
the favourite place for the musters, parades, and
other displays of the civic forces. Here theii
colours were presented, from here they were
trooped home to the Colonel?s house, when Edinburgh
possessed, per cent. of the population, a
much greater number of enrolled volunteers than
she has now.
But other exhibitions took place in Heriot?s
Bowling Green, such as when the famous aeronaut,
Vincent Lunardi, made his ascent therefiom, on
the 5th of October, 1785. On that occasion, we
are told, above 80,ooo spectators assembled, and
all business in the city was suspended for the
greatest portion pf the day. At noon a flag wa:
hoisted on the castle, and a cannon, brought from
Leith Fort, was discharged in Heriot?s Green, to
announce that the process of filling the balloon had
begun, and by half-past two it was fully inflated.
Lunardi-attired, strange to say, in a scarlet uniform
faced with blue, sword, epaulettes, powdered
wig, and three-cocked hat-entered the cage, with a
Union Jack in his hand, and amid a roaf of acclamation
from the startled people, who were but
little used to strange sights in that dull time, he
ascended at ten minutes to three P.M.
He passed over the lofty ridge of the old town,
at a vast height, waving his flag as the balloon
soared skyward. It took a north-easterly direction
near Inch Keith, and came down almost into the
Forth; but as he threw out the ballast, it rose
higher than ever. The wind bore him over North
Berwick, and from there to Leven and Largo, after
which a SSW. breeze brought him to where he
descended, a mile east from Ceres in Fifeshire,
Where the balloon. was at its greatest altitude
-three miles-the barometer stood at eighteen
inches five tenths, yet Lunardi experienced no difficulty
in respiration. He passed through several
clouds of snow, which hid from him alike the sea
and land.
Some reapers in a field near Ceres, when they
heard the sound of Lunardi?s trumpet, and saw his
balloon, the nature of which was utterly beyond
their comprehension, were . filled with dreadful
alarm, believing that the end of all things was at
hand; and the Rev. Mr. Arnot, the ministet of
Ceres, who had been previously aware of Lunardi?s
ascent, required some persuasion to convince them
that what they beheld was not supernatural.
A number of gentlemen who collected at Ceres,
set the church bell ringing, and conveyed the bold
aeronaut with all honour to the manse, where a
crowd awaited him. His next ascent was from
Kelso.
On the 26th of September, 1794, there mustered
on Heriot?s Green, to receive their colours, the
Royal Regiment of Edinburgh Volunteers, under
Lieutenant-Colonel Elder (the old provost) and
Colonel William Maxwell, afterwards a general.
The corps consisted of eight companies with thirtytwo
officers, fifteen of whom had belonged to the
regular army; but all ranks were clothed alike,
the sergeants being indicated by their pikes and
the officers by their swords. The corps numbered
about 785, all told
Their uniform was a blue coat, lapelled With
black velvet, cut away from below the breast, With
broad heavy square skirts, a row of buttons round
the cuff, gold epaulettes for all ranks, white cassi.
mere vest and breeches, with white cotton stockings, ... Heriot?s Ho.pital.1 THE EDINBURGH VOLUNTEERS. By the Act of Parliament referred to, the governors were ...

Book 4  p. 371
(Score 1.6)

344 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. .
shortly after, and recognising the shoes, brought one of them in his hand into
the hawing-room, and presenting it to another of the guests, Mr. John Bachan,
Writer to the Signet, who was of very diminutive stature, said to him-" Hae,
Johnny, there's a cradle for you to sleep in."
The personal history of Mr. Osborne affords few particulars either peculiar
or interesting. His father, Alexander Osborne, Esq., Comptroller of Customs at
Aberdeen, and who died there in 1785, was a gentleman of even greater dimensions
than his son.
After having filled an inferior appointment for some years at one of the outports,
Mr. Osborne obtained the office of Inspector-General and Solicitor of
Customs. He was subsequently appointed one of the Commissioners of the
Board ; and, latterly, on the reduction made in that establishment, retired upon
a superannuated allowance.
Mr. Osborne was never married ; and, being of frugal habits, he amassed a
considerable fortune, and made several landed purchases. Besides a pretty
extensive tract of land in Orkney, he was proprietor of a small estate in Ayrshire.
Gogar Bank, a few miles west of Edinburgh, belonged to him, where he
had a summer house, and a very extensive and excellent garden. Here he often
contemplated building a handsome villa, but the design was never carried into
execution.
Xlr. Osborne died about the year 1830, at the advanced age of seventy-four ;
and it is understood the bulk of his property was bequeathed to a gentleman of
the west country. He lived at one time in Richmond Street ; but latterly, and
for a considerable number of years, in York Place.
The small figure to the left represents the late MR. RONALDSON of the
Post Office. He was one of the least men of the regiment, but a very zealous
volunteer. He is placed in the same Print with Osborne, in order to record an
anecdote of Sergeant Gould. In forming a double from a single rank, at a
squad drill, Francis became Osborne's rear man. Poor Francis was never seen ;
and Gould, addressing the next man, continued to call out-" Move to the right,
sir ; why the devil don't you cover 1" Little Francis at length exclaimed, with
great na;ivet&'' I can't cover-I do all I can !"
Mr. Ronaldson was Surveyor of the General Post Office, which situation he
held for upwards of forty years. He was a most active, spirited little personage,
and remarkably correct in the management of his official department. He kept
a regular journal of his surveys, which, on his demise, was found to have been
brought up till within a few days of his death.
In private life, Ronaldson was exceedingly joyous, full of wit and anecdote,
and was withal a man of rare qualifications. He had also some claims to a
literary character. He was a votary of the muses, and a great collector of fugitive
pieces. He left upwards of two dozen volumes of Xcraps--culled principally
from newspapers-consisting of whatever seemed to him valuable or
curious. He was also deeply versed in divinity j and, strange as it may appear, ... BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. . shortly after, and recognising the shoes, brought one of them in his hand into the ...

Book 8  p. 481
(Score 1.59)

......

Book 9  p. 102
(Score 1.57)

ECCLESIASTICAL ANTIQUITIES. 395
hastily completed with crow-stepped gables and a slanting roof.
specimen of the decorated English style of archi-
The church is 8 beautiful
tecture. The east end of the choir more especially
has a very stately and imposing effect. It is
an Apsis, with a lofty window in each of its three
sides, originally iilled with fine tracery, and not
improbably with painted glass, though the only evidence of either that now remains is the
broken ends of mullions and transoms. The ornamental details with which the church
abounds exhibit great variety of design, though many of those on the exterior are greatly
injured by time. Various armorial bearings adorn different parts of the building, and
particularly the east end of the choir. One of the latter has angels for supporters, but
otherwise they are mostly too much decayed to be decipherable. One heraldic device,
which, from its sheltered position on the aide of a buttress at the west angle of the south
transept, has escaped the general decay, is described both by Maitland and Arnot as the
arms of the foundress. It proves, however, to be the arms of her brother-in-law, Alexander
Duke of Albany, who at the time of her decease was residing at the court of the Duke
of Guelders. From the royal supporters still traceable, attached to a coat of arms sculptured
on the north-east buttress of the vestry, the arms of the foundress would appear to
have been placed on that part of the church where she lies buried. In the foundation
charter it is specially appointed, that '' whenever any of the said Prebendaries shall read
Mass, he shall, after the same, in his sacredotal habiliments, repair to the tomb of the
foundress with a sprinkler, and there devoutly read over the De Profundis, together with
the Fidelium, and an exhortation to excite the people to devotion." Many of the details
of the church are singularly grotesque. The monkey is repeated in all variety of positions
in the gurgoils, and is occasionally introduced in the interior among other figures that
seem equally inappropriate as the decorations of an ecclesiastical edifice, though of common
occurrence in the works of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. The varied corbels exhibit
here and there an angel, or other device of beautiful form; but more frequently they
consist of such crouching monsters, labouring under the burden they have to bear up, as
seem to realise Dante's Purgatory of Pride, where the unpurged souls dree their doom of
penance underneath a crushing load of stone :-
As, to support incumbent floor or roof,
For corbel, ia 8 figure sometime0 seen,
That crumple8 up ita knees unto its breast;
With the feigned posture, stirring ruth unfeigned
In the beholder's fancy.1
The centre aisle is lofty, and the groining exceedingly rich, abounding in the utmost
variety of detail. -A very fine doorway, underneath a beautiful porch with groined roof,
gives access to the south aisle of the choir, and a small but finely proportioned doorway
may be traced underneath the great window of the north transept, though now
built up. The admirable proportions and rich variety of details of thiq church, as well
as its perfect state externally, untouched, Nave by the hand of time-if we except the
tracery of ita windows-render it oqe of the most attractive objects of study to the
C q ' s Dante. Purgatory. Canto x. ... ANTIQUITIES. 395 hastily completed with crow-stepped gables and a slanting roof. specimen of the ...

Book 10  p. 433
(Score 1.57)

238 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES.
not subscribe to that opinion ; for even when in his more devoted hours at the
shrine of Bacchus, he preserved a modesty and gentleness of manners, exhibited
by few of his age, sprightly humour, and unpatronised situation."
Of the intimacy betwixt the poet and his biographer, the following anecdote
affords a characteristic instance. Mr. Sommers, alluding to his shop in the
Parliament Square, states that he was frequently visited by the poet, when
passing to or from the Comniissary Office :-" In one of those visits I happened
to be absent ; he found, however, my shopboy Robert Aikman (a great favourite
of Fergusson), then engaged in copying from a collection of manuscript hymns
one on the Creation, given to him by a friend of the author, in order to improve
his hand in writing. Fergusson looked at the hymn, and supposing that I had
given it to the boy, not merely to transcribe, but to learn its serious contents,
took the pen out of his hand, and upon a small slip of paper wrote the following
lines : -
' Tom Sommers is a gloomy man,
His mind is dark within ;
0 holy - ! glaze his soul,
That light may enter in.'
He then desired the boy to give his compliments to me, delivered to him the
slip of paper, and retired."
Another circumstance relative to the only portrait known to have been taken
of the poet, is too interesting to be omitted. Speaking of Ruiaciman, the painter,
Sommers says-" That artist was at this time painting, in his own house in the
Pleasance, a picture on a half-length cloth of the Prodigal Son, in which his
fancy and pencil had introduced every necessary object and circumstance suggested
by the sacred passage. I was
much pleased with the composition, colouring, and admirable effect of the piece,
at least what was done of it; but expressed my surprise at observing a large
space in the centre, exhibiting nothing but chalk outlines of a human figure.
He informed me that he had reserved that space for the Prodigal, but could
not find a young man whose personal form and expressive features were such
as he could approve of, and commit to the canvas. Robert Fergusson's face
and figure instantly occurred to me ; not from an idea that Fergusson's real
character was that of the Prodigal; by no means-but on account of his
sprightly humour, personal appearance, and striking features. I asked Mr.
Runciman if he knew the poet? He answered in the negative, but that he
had often read and admired the poems. That evening at five I appointed to
meet with him and the poet in a tavern, Parliament Close. We did so, and
I introduced him. The painter was much pleased, both with his figure and
conversation. I intimated to Ferpsson the nature of the business on which
we met. He agreed to sit next forenoon.. I accompanied him for that purpose;
and in a few days the picture strikingly exhibited the bard in the character of a
prodigal, sitting on a grassy bank, surrounded by swine, some of which were
sleeping, and others feeding ; his right leg over his left knee ; eyes uplifted ;
At his own desire I called to see it. ... BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. not subscribe to that opinion ; for even when in his more devoted hours at the shrine ...

Book 9  p. 317
(Score 1.56)

366 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [Moultray?s Hill.
-
dedicated to him,?) but by whom founded or when,
is quite unknown ; and from this edifice an adjacent
street was for ages named St. Ninian?s Row. ?The
under part of the building still remains,? to quote
Arnot; (?it is the nearest house to the RegisteI
Office on the south-east, except the row of houses
on the east side of the theatre. The lower storey
was vaulted, and the vaults still remain. On these
a mean house has been superstructed, and the
whole converted into a dwelling-house. The baptismal
font, which was in danger of being destroyec
was this year (1787) removed to the curious towel
built at Dean Haugh, by Mr. Falter ROSS, Write
to the Signet.? The ?? lower part ? of the building
was evidently the crypt, and the font referred to,
neatly-sculptured basin with a beautiful Gothi
canopy, is now among the many fragments built b:
Sir Walter Scott into the walls of Abbotsford. Thi
extinct chapel appears to have been a dependenc:
of Holyrood abbey, from the numerous notice
that appear in licences granted by the abbots o
that house to the Corporations of the Canongate
for founding and maintaining altars in the church
and in one of these, dated 1554, by Robert Stewart
abbot of Holyrood, with reference to St. Crispin?,
altar therein, he states, ?? it is our will yat ye Cor
dinars dwelland within our regalitie. . .
besyde our chapel1 of Sanct Ninian, out with Sanc
Andrews Port besyde Edinburcht, be in brether
heid and fellowschipe with ye said dekin anc
masters of ye cordinar craft.?
In 1775 one or two houses of St. James?s Squart
were built on the very crest of Moultray?s Hill
The first stone of the house at the south-eas
corner of the square was laid on the day that news
reached Edinburgh of the battle of Bunker?s Hill
which was fought on the 17th of June in that year.
? The news being of coul?se very interesting, wa:
the subject of popular discussion for the day, and
nothing but Bunker?s Hill was in everybody?s
mouth. It so happened that the two buildeE
founding this first tenement fell out between
themselves, and before the ceremony was concluded,
most indecorously fell to and fought out
the quarrel on the spot, in presence of an immense
assemblage of spectators, who forthwith conferred
the name of Bunker?s Hill upon the place, in
commemoration of the combat, which it retains to
this day. The tenement founded under these
curious circumstances was permitted to stand by
itself for some years upon the eminence of Bunker?s
Hill; and being remarkably tall and narrow, as
well as a solitary Zana?, it got the popular appellation
of ?Hugo Arnot? from the celebrated historian,
who lived in the neighbourhood, and whose
slim, skeleton-looking figure was well known to the
public eye at the period.?
So lately as 1804 the ground occupied by the
lower end of Katharine Street, at the north-eastem
side of Moultray?s Hill, was a green slope, where
people were wont to assemble, to watch the crowds
returning from the races on Leith sands.
In this new tenement on Bunker?s Hill dwelt
Margaret Watson of Muirhouse, widow of Robert?
Dundas, merchant, and mother of Sir David Dun- ?
das, the celebrated military tactician. ?We
used to go to her house on Bunker?s Hill,? says?
Lord Cockbum, when boys, on Sundays between
the morning and the afternoon sermons, when we
were cherished with Scottish broth and cakes, and
many a joke from the old lady. Age had made
her incapable of walking even across the room;
so, clad in a plain silk gown, and a pure muslin
cap, she sat half encircled by a high-backed blackleather
chair, reading, with silver spectacles stuck
on her thin nose, and interspersing her studies and
her days with much laughter and not a little
sarcasm. What a spirit! There was more fun
and sense round that chair than in the theatre or
the church.?
In 1809 No. 7 St. James?s Square was the residence
of Alexander Geddes, A.R.Y.A., a well-known
Scottish artist. He was born at 7 St. Patrick Street,
near the Cross-causeway, in 1783. In 1812 he removed
to 55 York Place, and finally to London,
where he died, in Berners Street, on the 5th of May,
1844. His etchings in folio were edited by David
Laing, in 1875, but only IOO copies were printed.
A flat on the west side of the square was long
the residence of Charles Mackay, whose unrivalled
impersonation of Eailie Nicol Jarvie was once the
most cherished recollection of the old theatre-going
public, and who died on the 2nd November, 1857.
In
1787 Robert Bums lived for several months in
No. z (a common stair now numbered as 30)
whither he had removed from Baxter?s Close
in the Lawnmarket, and from this place many
3f the letters printed in his correspondence are
dated. In one or two he adds, ?Direct to me
xt Mr, FV. Cruikshank?s, St. James?s Square, New
Town, Edinburgh.? This gentleman was one of
;he masters of the High School, with whom he
passed many a happy hour, and to whose daughter
ie inscribed the verses beginning-
This square was not completed till 1790,
? Beauteous rosebud, young and gay,
Blooming in thy early May,? &c.
It was while here that he joined most in that
irilliant circle in which the accomplished Duchess ? ... OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [Moultray?s Hill. - dedicated to him,?) but by whom founded or when, is quite unknown ...

Book 2  p. 366
(Score 1.55)

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Book 8  p. 230
(Score 1.54)

Leith.] THE KING'S WARK. 237
~
Arnot adds. It was to keep one of the cellars in
the King's Wark in repair, for holding wines and
other provisions for the king's use.
This Bernard Lindsay it was whom Taylor
mentions in his '' Penniless Pilgrimage " as having
Moreover, the King's Wark was placed most
advantageously at the mouth of the harbour, to
serve as -a defence against any enemy who might
approach it from the seaward. It thus partook
somewhat of the character of a citadel; and this
BERNARD STREET.
given him so warm a welcome at Leith in
1618.
That some funds were derivable from the King's
Wark to the Crown is proved by the frequent
payments with which it was burdened by several
of our monarchs. Thus, in the year 1477 James
111. granted out of it a perpetual annuity of twelve
marks Scots, for support of a chaplain to officiate
at the altar of c'the upper chapel in the collegiate
church of the Blessed Virgin Mary at
Restalrig."
seems to have been implied by the infeftment
granted by Queen Mary in 1564 to John Chisho!ia,
Master or Comptroller of the Royal Artillery,
who would appear to have repaired the buildings
which, no doubt, shared in the general conflagrations
that signalised the English invasions of 1544
and 1547. and the queen, on the completion
of his work, thus confirms her grant to the
comptroller :-
U Efter Her Heinis lauchful age, and revocation
made in parIiament, hir majestie sett in feu farme ... THE KING'S WARK. 237 ~ Arnot adds. It was to keep one of the cellars in the King's Wark in repair, for ...

Book 6  p. 237
(Score 1.52)

St. Giles?s Churchyard.
INTERIOR OF THE HIGH CHURCH, ST. GILES?S.
CHAPTER XVI.
THE NEIGHBOURHOOD OF ST. GILES?S.
St. Giles?s Churchyard-The IIaison Dieu-The Clam-shell Turnpike-The Grave of Knox-The City Cross--The Summons ot Pluto-
Executions : Kirkaidy, Gilderoy, and others-The Caddies--The Dyvours Stane-The Luckenbooths-The Auld Kirk S~yle-Eym?o
Lodging-Lard Coalstoun?s Wig-Allan Ramsay?s Library and ?Creech?s Land?-The Edinburgh Halfpenny.
DOWN the southern slope of the hill on which St.
Giles?s church stands, its burying-ground-covered
with trees, perchance anterior to the little parish
edifice we have described as existing in the time of
David 1.-sloped to the line of the Cowgate, where
it was terminated by a wall and chapel dedicated
to the holy rood, built, says Arnot, ?in memory of
?hrist crucified, and not demolished till the end of
the sixteenth century.? In July, 1800, a relic ot
this chapel was found near the head of Forrester?s
Wynd, in former days the western boundary of the
churchyard. This relic-a curiously sculptured
grouplike a design from Holbein?s ?Dance of
Death,? was defaced and broken by the workmen.
Amid the musicians, who brought up the rear,
was an angel, playing on the national bagpipe-a ... Giles?s Churchyard. INTERIOR OF THE HIGH CHURCH, ST. GILES?S. CHAPTER XVI. THE NEIGHBOURHOOD OF ST. ...

Book 1  p. 148
(Score 1.52)

......

Book 9  p. 40
(Score 1.51)

......

Book 9  p. 61
(Score 1.51)

Leith Wynd.] PAUL?S WORK. 301
issued an edict, that among the bedesmen entertained
there should be ?na Papistes,? but men of
the ? trew religion.? The buildings having become
ruinous, were reconstructed under the name of
Paul?s Work in 1619, and five Dutchmen were
brought from Delft to teach certain boys and girls
lodged therein the manufacture of coarse woollen
stuffs. ? They furnished the poor children whom
The Town Council of Edinburgh became proprietors
of this charity, according to their Register,
in consequence of Queen Mary?s grant to them of
all such religious houses and colleges in Edinburgh;
and in 1582 they resolved to adapt the bishop?s
college for other purposes than he intended, and
? Edinburghers in 1621, as Calderwood records, on
the 1st of May, certain profane and shperstitious
? weavers in Paul?s Worke, Englishe and Dutche,
set up a highe May-pole, with garlants and bells,?
crqusing a great concourse of people to assemble ;
and it seemed eventually that the manufacture did
not succeed, or the Town Council grew weary of
, encouraging it j so they converted Paul?s Work
ding,? says Arnot, ?and paid the masters of the
work, thirteen pence and a third 01 a penny
weekly, during the first year of their apprenticeship.
This was considered as a very beneficial institution,
and accordingly, many well-disposed people enriched
it with donations :? but to the horror of the
COWGATE PORT. (Fvom a View by Ewbank, published in 1825.) ... Wynd.] PAUL?S WORK. 301 issued an edict, that among the bedesmen entertained there should be ?na Papistes,? ...

Book 2  p. 301
(Score 1.51)

The Cowgate.] - THE MAGDALENE CHAPEL 261
Michael Macqueen (or Macquhen), .a wealthy citi-
Zen, and afterwards by his widow, Janet Rhynd.
1725, accompanied by a servant, ?or tumbler,?
who robbed him, and against whom he warned the
people of certain country towns in the Courant of
December, I 7 25.
Arnot records that in early times there existed
in the Cowgate an ancient Maisoson Dieu which had
fallen into decay; but it was re-founded in the reign
with ancient painted glass-the only fragments in
all Scotland which have survived the Reformation,
the latter was used as a hall for their meetings.
The foundation was augmented in 1541 by two
donations from Hugh Lord Somerville, who was
taken prisoner by the English in the following
year, and had to ransom himself for I,OCO merks.
If the edifice suffered in the general sack of the
city during the invasion of 1544 it must have been
The hospital4esigned to accommodate a chap
lain and seven poor men-and the chzpel, the little
square spire of which (with its gargoyles formed like
cannon, each with a ball stuck in its mouth) is
nearly lost amid the towering modern edifices which
surround it-were dedicated to St Mary Magda-
1 and contain the royal arms of Scotland, encircled
by a wreath of thistles, and those of the Queen
Regent Mary of Guise, within a wreath of laurel,
with the shields of the founder and foundress within
ornamental borders. These probably date from
1556, in which year we find that ?The baillies and ... Cowgate.] - THE MAGDALENE CHAPEL 261 Michael Macqueen (or Macquhen), .a wealthy citi- Zen, and afterwards by ...

Book 4  p. 261
(Score 1.51)

......

Book 8  p. 548
(Score 1.49)

......

Book 8  p. 55
(Score 1.48)

24 EDINBURGH PAST AND PRESENT.
of such melodies as AzZd Robin Gray and the Rowers of fhe For&,-
Lady Anne Barnard (Lindsay), Jane Elliott, and Mrs. Cockburn, come into
delightful though momentary view. And the list at this point may be fitty
closed by the names of Adam Fergusson the Roman historian, and Lord
Monboddo, whose strange theories, after a century's sterility, seem now
showing some symptoms of vitality, shooting root downwards and bearing
fruit upwards.
DAVID HUMSS GRAVE.
About the close of the eighteenth and the beginning of the nineteenth
centuries, more if not brighter spirits appear in the Scottish Metropolis.
DugaId Stewart is still in the Moral Philosophy chair, and yet to be long
there. Professor Playfair is in the niiddle of his usefui career. Henry
Mackenzie has laid aside the pleasing and pathetic pen with which he wrote
his novels, but is stiIl alive and active. Sir John Leslie is preparing his
great work on Heat, and is soon to be appointed Playfair's successor in the
chair of Mathematics. Dr. Thomas M'Cne is preaching in Edinburgh, and
already collecting materids for his Xt;e of Knoz. (The grave of Knox, ... EDINBURGH PAST AND PRESENT. of such melodies as AzZd Robin Gray and the Rowers of fhe For&,- Lady Anne ...

Book 11  p. 40
(Score 1.47)

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Book 9  p. 37
(Score 1.45)

......

Book 8  p. 572
(Score 1.44)

184 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [The Royal Exchange.
rest upon the platform, support a pediment, on
which the arms of the city of Edinburgh are
carved. The drst floor of the main front is laid
aut in shops. The upper floors are occupied by
the Board of Customs, who have upwards of
twenty apartments, for this they pay to the city
a rent of A360 a year."
Arnot wrote in 1779.
The chief access to the edifice is by a very
The principal part forms the north side of the
square, and extends from east to west, 111 feet
over wall, by 51 feet broad. Pillars and arches,
supporting a platform, run along the south front,
which faces the square, and forms a piazza In
the centre, four Corinthian pillars, whose bases
costume, and having a curious and mysterious history.
It is said-for nothing is known with certainty
about it-to have been cast in France, and
was shipped from Dunkirk to Leith, where, during
the process of unloading, it fell into the harbour,
and remained long submerged. It is next heard of
as being concealed in a cellar in the city, and in
the Scots Magazifie it is referred to thus in 1810 :-
'' On Tuesday, the 16th October, a very singular
stately stair, of which the well is twenty feet square
and sixty deep. Off this open the City Chambers,
where the municipal affairs are transacted by the
magistrates and council.
The Council Chamber contains a fine tronze
statue of Prince Charles Edward Stuart, in Roman
CLERIHEUGH'S TAVERN. ... OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [The Royal Exchange. rest upon the platform, support a pediment, on which the arms of ...

Book 1  p. 184
(Score 1.43)

......

Book 9  p. 508
(Score 1.42)

......

Book 10  p. 169
(Score 1.42)

......

Book 10  p. 385
(Score 1.4)

I8 EDINBURGH PAST AND PRESENT.
~
building, strange projectings, receding, and windings, roofs, stairs, and
windows all luxuriating in the endless variety of carved work, kding and
mouldering coats of arms, helmets, crests, coronets, supporters, mantles, and
pavilions, all these testimonials of forgotten pride, mingled so profuseIy with
the placards of old-clothesmen and every ensign of plebeian wretchedness,-
most striking emblems of the decay of a once royal city and appropriate
avenue to a deserted palace.' Passing Queen Mary's Bath-house, and in
fine emerging on Holyrood Palace, which, sunk in a hollow overhung by
mountains, seems an apt emblem of Scotland and the Scottish kingdom, in its
combination of that outward meanness and aspiring majesty, humble position
and hot pride, courage and self-assertion, which mingled in the blaze of
' The add Scottish glory.'
STAIRCASH. HOLYROOD.
One of the engravings shows the narrowdark stair bywhich the assassins
reached Rizziot and the other shows the doorway at which the murder was
committed. If Holyrood in comparison with the Castle may seem something
of an inverted climax,-we question if, to a led and soothfast Caledonian,
it be not every whit as inspiring,--if the one be the apex, the other is the
foundation of the stately and structum1 whole. ... EDINBURGH PAST AND PRESENT. ~ building, strange projectings, receding, and windings, roofs, stairs, ...

Book 11  p. 28
(Score 1.4)

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