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St. Andnrew Square. DR. JAMES HAMILTON. 169
70 ... Andnrew Square. DR. JAMES HAMILTON. ...

Book 3  p. 168
(Score 1.83)

......

Book 9  p. 4
(Score 1.8)

......

Book 8  p. 363
(Score 1.79)

exasperated people.
In the days of its declension, the Darien House
was abandoned to the uses of a lunatic asylum for
the paupers of the adjoining workhouse. South of
it stood a square edifice, which was latterly used for
the same purpose. In the early part of the
eighteenth century this was the mansion house of
a wealthy quaker, named Buntin (or Bontein), whose
THE CHARITY WORKHOUSE, 1820. (Afrrr SfOrCr)
occupied by several blocks of new buildings, in
making the excavations for which the labourers
found that nearly the whole area had been an
ancient and forgotten cemetery, the bones and
coffins in which lay at an average depth of six feet
below the surface.
The first Merchant Maiden Hospital was built
in 1707, on the east side of Bristo Street ; and in
Mally." To see her leave the meeting-house in
the Pleasance, all the bucks and gay fellows of
the city were wont to crowd ; but from her father's
house, at Bristo (in its last years a dispensary), she
eloped with Mr. Craig, the minister of Currie, in
the churchyard of which her tombstone still
remains.
To this latter house, as a Bedlam, a peculiarly
melancholy interest attached, as it was there
that Robert Fergusson, the iil-fated poet, died a
raving lunatic in his twenty-fourth year, in 1774,
after a contusion received by a fall down-stairs; and
when his last hours came, his piteous shrieks for his
"mother" often rang out upon the night. This
house was removed,about the same time as the
living in Denham's Land, in the same thoroughfare.
This peer was one who carried the follies
and fantastic vices of the age to such an extravagant
length as led people to doubt his sanity. During
the lifetime of his father, Earl Archibald, he had
been frequently a debtor in the Tolbooth, and on
the 28th January, 1726, was incarcerated there for
" deforcement, not, and spulzie."
In 1739 there occurs in the public journals a
singular advertisement, issued by this ornament to
the Scottish peerage, relative to the elopement of
one Polly Rich, who had been engaged by him for
a year. She is described as being about eighteen
five feet six inches high, '' fine-shap'd, blue-ey'd,
with black hair or nut-brown; all her linnen or ... people. In the days of its declension, the Darien House was abandoned to the uses of a lunatic asylum ...

Book 4  p. 324
(Score 1.72)

SIR WILLIAM FETTES. ?73 Charlotte Square.]
Canongate, after which he removed to Charlotte
Square, and finally to that house in George Street
in which he died. He was resident in Charlotte
Square before 1802, as was also the Earl of Minto.
John Lamond of Lamond and that ilk, in Argyleshire,
whose son John commanded the second
He was for many years a contractor for military
stores, and in 1800 was chosen a Director of the ? British Linen Company, in which he ultimately held
stock-the result of his own perseverance and
honest industry-to a large amount. He had in
the meantime entered the Town Council, in which
CHARLOTTE SQUARE, SHOWING ST. GEORGB?S CHURCH.
to the bar in 1822 and raised to the bench in May,
1854. Mrs. Oliphant of Rossie had No. 10, and No.
13 was at the same time (about 1810) the residence
of Sir William Fettes, Bart., of Comely Bank, the
founder of the magnificent college which bears his
name. He was born at Edinburgh on the 25th of
June, 1750, and nine years afterwards attended the
High School class taught by Mr. John Gilchrist.
At the early age of eighteen he began business as
a tea and wine merchant in Smith?s Land, High
Street, an occupation which he combined for twenty
years with that of an underwriter, besides being
connected with establishments at Leeds, Durham,
and Newcastle. His name appears in Wiiliamson?s
Directory for 1788-90 as ? William Fettes, grocer,
ofice he held for the then usual period of two years,
and for a second time in 1805 and 1806. In 1804
between the two occasions, on the 12th May he
was created a baronet. In 1787 he married Mark,
daughter of Dr. John Malcolm of Ayr. The only
child of this marriage was a son, William, born in
1787. He became a member of the Faculty of
Advocates in 1810, and gave early promise of future
eminence, but died at Berlin on the 13th of June,
1815.
Retiring from business in 1800, Sir William took
up his abode in Charlotte Square, and devoted
himself to the management of several estates which
he purchased at different times, in various parts of
The principal of these were Comely ~ Scotland. ... WILLIAM FETTES. ?73 Charlotte Square.] Canongate, after which he removed to Charlotte Square, and finally to ...

Book 3  p. 173
(Score 1.7)

380 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [South Bridge.
~~ ~~~
mechanics, and such other branches of science as
were necessary in their various crafts, an association
was formed, and with this general object in view
the School of Arts was duly inaugurated on the
16th of October, ISPI, by a meeting at which the
Lord Provost, afterwards Sir William Arbuthnot,
Bart., presided. The two leading classes then
established, and which continue to this day to be
fundamental subjects of education in the school,
were Chemistry and Mechanical or Natural Philosophy.
The first meetings of the school were in a
General Hope, it was resolved that an edifice
should be erected with that view, appropriate to
the name and character of Watt, and that it should
be employed for the accommodation of the School
of Arts and to promote the interests of the class
from which he sprang.
The directors had by them L400, which they
resolved to add as a Subscription for this memorial,
to the end that their school should have a permanent
building of its own ; but it was not till
1851 that arrangements were completed, by which,
SURGEON SQUARE. (Rrom a Drawing by Sh#krd,julZishd zn 1829.)
humble edifice in Niddry Street, but after a time it
was moved to one of the large houses described
in Adam Square.
Continued success attended the school from
its opening; it had the support of all classes of
citizens, particularly those connected with the
learned professions ; the subscription list showing
a sum of ;E450 yearly, and from this the directors,
by thrifty management, were able to put aside money
from time to time, as a future building fund.
For the purpose of erecting a memorial in
honour of James Watt at Edinburgh, a meeting
was held in July, 1824. On thewotion of the
.*Me Lord Cockburn, seconded by the Solicitorinstead
of erecting a new house, the old one in
Adam Square, which had been occupied by the
school for nearly thirty years, was purchased, when
the accumulated fund amounted to ~ 1 , 7 0 0 , and
the directors adding ASoo, obtained the house
for A2,500, after which it took the name of The
Watt /nsfifufion and SchooZ of Arts.
In May, 1854, the directors placed a statue of
James Watt, on a granite pedestal, in the little
square before the school, where both remained
till r871, when the building in Adam Square, which
had become too small for the requirements of the
institution, was pulled down, with those which adjoined
it, to make way for the broad and spacious ... OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [South Bridge. ~~ ~~~ mechanics, and such other branches of science as were necessary ...

Book 2  p. 380
(Score 1.69)

436 INDEX TO THE NAMES, ETC.
Beard, Mr. John, 147
Beaton, Serjeant, 278
Beattie, James, LL.D., 183, 30
Beddoes, Dr., 61
Begbie, Mr., 30
Bell, John, 162
Bell, Mr. Benjamin, 255
Bell, Mr. John, 341
Bellenden, Lord, 58
Bennet, Rev. Mr., 300
Bennet, Mr. John, surgeon, 391
Bennet, Mrs., 402,
Bennet, Captain, 404
Bertram, Mr. James, 229
Binning, Lord, 251
Black, Dr., 20, 66, 75, 177, 255
Black, Mr. John, 52
Black, E. John, clothier, 105
Black, Rev. Mr., 300, 304
Black, Messrs. Adam and Charler
Blacklock, Dr., 303, 372
Blackstone, Judge, 308
Blair, John, Esq., 62
Blair, Jane, 62
Blair, Rev. Dr., 66, 70, 292, 347
Blair, Sir James H., 92,181, 222
Blair, Lord President, 102, 302
Blair, Robert, 120
Blair, Rev. Robert, 313
Blake, Jaseph, Esq., 204 ,
Bligh, General, 212
Blyth, E.,10 5
Boaz, Hermand, 177
Boerhaave, 59, 162, 339
Rogue, Rev. Dr. David, 194
Bonaparte, Napoleon, 205, 240
Bonar, Mr. Thomson, 210
Bonnar, Mr. Jameq 258, 259
Bosville, Louisa, 199
Boswell, James, 15, 168, 365
Boswell, Sir Alexander, 163
Bourdeaux, Duc de, 215
Boyd, James Lord, 203
Boyd, Mr., 418
Braidwood, Isaac, 83
Rreadalbane, Earl of, 350
Breteuil, Baron de, 328
Bremner, Mr. James, 219
Brisbane, Mr., 253
Brodie, Convener Francis, 256
Brodie, Deacon, 96, 119, 141,399
Brodie, Alexander, Esq., 187
Brodie, Miss Elizabeth, 187
210
348, 349, 382
226
Brougham, Lord, 12,93, 220
Brown, Mr., 34
Brown, Sir William, 91
Brown, Dr. John, 204
Brown, John, 210
Brown and Kay, Messrs., 222
Brown, Mr. James, 237
Brown, John, 257, 258, 259, 262
Brown, William, 353, 354
Brown, Miss Anne, 366
Bruce, David, 128
B&e, Helen, $28
Bruce, Sir Alexander, 128
Bruce, King Robert, 203
Bruce, Messrs. John and Andrev
Bruce, Lord, 327
Brune, General, 108
Bruce, Michael, the poet, 303
Brunton, Rev. Dr., 302, 402
Bryce, Rev. Dr., 320
Brydone, Patrick, Esq., 95
Buccleuch, Duke of, 67, 74, 83
99, 141,204, 214,238, 295,39
Buccleuch, Duchess of, 83, 238
Buchan, Earl of, 105, 124, 128
183, 208, 225, 298
Buchan, Mr. John, 344
Buchanan, Rev. Mr., 300
Buffon, Count de, 206, 207, 210
Burgoyne, General, 267, 404
Burke, Edmund, 174, 379
Bums, Rev. Mr., 67
Burns, the poet, 19, 46, 48, 85
202, 206, 209, 216, 238, 246
278, 287, 303, 304
Burnes Lieutenant, 130
Surnett, Mr. John, 393, 426
Burton, Robert, 399
3ute, Earl of, 351, 379
3utter, Mr., 105
3yng, Hon. Mr., 151
264, 265
264, 265
367, 417, 287
C
>ADELL, Mr., 121
>airns, Mr. John, 88
hllander, John, Esq., of Craig
:allander, Colonel, of Graigforth,
:allender, preface, vii
!allender, Bailie William, 43
!ameron and Cargill, 28
lampbell,&Tohn, precentor, 28
forth, 245
128, 403, 427
Campbell. Rev, Colin, 67
Campbell, Principal, 76
Campbell, Sir William, 94
Campbell, Sir Ilay, Bart., 103,
125, 260, 302, 314, 375
Campbell, Rev. Mr., 154
Campbell, Henry Fletcher, 236
Campbell, Lieut. Archibald, 237
Campbell, Mr. Thomas, 261
Campbell, Lieut.-Colonel, 266,267
Canipbell, Major, 291
Campbell, Mr. John, 300
Campbell, Miss, 318
Campbell, James, Esq., 383
Campbell, Archibald, Esq., 384
Campbell, Captain John, 283
Campbell, Mr. Thomas, 427
Camperdown, Earl of, 363
Cuming, General Gordon, 99
Cant, Mr., of Thurston, 424
Car, Miss, 81
Cardross, Henry Lord, 105
Cardross, Miss Jane, 105
Carfrae, Mr. James, 261
Cargyll, Jilmes, Esq., 224
Carlisle, Bishop of, 336
Carlyle, Dr. Alex., 53, 320, 321,
Carmichael, Bailie John, 224
Carnegie, Lady Mary Anne, 283
Zarrick, Dr., 242
Zarroll, Mr., 145
Classels, Mr., 242
Clatherine, Empress of Russia, 95,
:ay, Robert Hodgson, Esq., 237
:halmem, E.5,4
>hahers, Mr., plumber, 84
>hdmers, George, Esq., 161
:hdrners, Miss Veronica, 161
:hahers, Mr. George, 245
:hambers, Mr., 3
2harles I., 106, 286, 353
:harles II., 187, 286, 385
:harteris, Mrs., 152
:harteris, Rev. Dr. Samuel, 298
:hatham, Earl of, 187
:hisholm, Mr. and Mrs., 81
>hristie, Captain, 42
:hristie, Mr. Robert, 80
:hurchill, Charles, 382
>lark, Dr., 130
:lark, Jean, 197
:lark, Mr. John, 237
>lark, Dr. David, 254
>lark, James, 264, 265
366
104 ... INDEX TO THE NAMES, ETC. Beard, Mr. John, 147 Beaton, Serjeant, 278 Beattie, James, LL.D., 183, 30 Beddoes, ...

Book 8  p. 609
(Score 1.69)

......

Book 9  p. 527
(Score 1.68)

184 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [The Royal Exchange.
rest upon the platform, support a pediment, on
which the arms of the city of Edinburgh are
carved. The drst floor of the main front is laid
aut in shops. The upper floors are occupied by
the Board of Customs, who have upwards of
twenty apartments, for this they pay to the city
a rent of A360 a year."
Arnot wrote in 1779.
The chief access to the edifice is by a very
The principal part forms the north side of the
square, and extends from east to west, 111 feet
over wall, by 51 feet broad. Pillars and arches,
supporting a platform, run along the south front,
which faces the square, and forms a piazza In
the centre, four Corinthian pillars, whose bases
costume, and having a curious and mysterious history.
It is said-for nothing is known with certainty
about it-to have been cast in France, and
was shipped from Dunkirk to Leith, where, during
the process of unloading, it fell into the harbour,
and remained long submerged. It is next heard of
as being concealed in a cellar in the city, and in
the Scots Magazifie it is referred to thus in 1810 :-
'' On Tuesday, the 16th October, a very singular
stately stair, of which the well is twenty feet square
and sixty deep. Off this open the City Chambers,
where the municipal affairs are transacted by the
magistrates and council.
The Council Chamber contains a fine tronze
statue of Prince Charles Edward Stuart, in Roman
CLERIHEUGH'S TAVERN. ... OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [The Royal Exchange. rest upon the platform, support a pediment, on which the arms of ...

Book 1  p. 184
(Score 1.67)

Leith.] WITCHCRAFT IN LEITH; I81
-
dated 15th March, 1603, among many enumerations,
all in favour of Edinburgh, power is again
given the magistrates to enlarge and extend the
port towards the sea, with bulwarks on both sides
of theaiver; and to build, strengthen, and fortify the
Andrew Sadler, through the agency, in the former
case, of a little bag of black plaiding, wherein she
put some grains of wheat, worsted threads of divers
colours, hair, and nails of ? mennis fingeris ;? and
I in the latter case by a shirt dipped in a certain
GRANT?S SQUARE, 1851.~ (A&r a Dmwiw by W. Chanring.)
same in a substantial and durable manner for the
safety of shipping.
As the sixteenth century was drawing to its close,
the criminal records give many instances of the
dark and gross superstition that had spread over
the land even after the days of Knox. Thus, in
1597, Janet Stewart, in the Canongate, and Christian
Livingstone, in Leith, were accused of witchcraft
and casting spells upon Thomas Guthry and
well ; for which alleged crimes they were sentenced
to die on the Castle Hill, ? thair bodies to be
Grant?s Square has entirely disappeared. ?It was,? writes Dr.
Robtrt Paterson, ?the square in which existed the old Parliament
Houu, once occupied in Mary?s time. The m m in which the Par-
L i e n t met must have been a spacious one, as when I remember it it
was divided into numerous smaller rooms for poor tenants, but yet tkc
carved oak panelling and the richly-decorated mof told of former
magnificence. All has, however, now been cleared away, and replaced
by a granary.? ... WITCHCRAFT IN LEITH; I81 - dated 15th March, 1603, among many enumerations, all in favour of Edinburgh, ...

Book 5  p. 181
(Score 1.66)

......

Book 8  p. 368
(Score 1.66)

 Castle Hill.
well-known in his time as a man of taste, and the
patron of Runciman the artist.
mond, of Megginch, who jilted him for the Duke
of Athol.
doors and panels that are still preserved. Over
one of the former are the heads of King James V.,
? For lack of gold she left me, O!
And of all that?s dear bereft me, 0 I
For Athol?s Duke
She me forsook,
And to endless care has left me, 0 I ?
The Doctor died in 1774, in his house at the northwest
corner of Brown Square; but his widow
survived him nearly twenty years. Her brother
John, twelfth Lord Semple, in 1755 sold the
An ancient pile of buildings, now swept away,
but which were accessible by Blyth?s, Tod?s, and
Nairne?s Closes, formed once the residence of
Mary of Lorraine and Guise, widow of James V.,
and Regent of Scotland from 1554 to 1560. It
iS conjectured that this palace and oratory were
erected immediately after the burning of Holyrood
and the city by the English in 1544, when the
I up her residence for a few days after the murder
of Rizzio, as she feared to trust herself within
the blood-stained precincts of the palace. Over
its main doorway there was cut in old Gothic
letters the legend &us Aonor Deo, with I. R.,
the initials of King James V., and at each end
were shields having the monograms of the Saviour
and the Virgin. The mansion, though it had been
sorely changed and misused, still exhibited some
large and handsome fireplaces, with beautifully
clustered pillars, and seven elaborately sculptured
with his usual slouched bonnet, and of his queen,
whose well-known beauty certainly cannot be traced
in this instance.
A portion of this building, accessible by a stair
near the head of the close, contained a hall, with
other apartments, all remarkable for the great
height and beauty of their ceilings, on all of which
In the de- I were coats armorial in fine stucco.
widowed queen would naturally seek a more secure
habitation within the walls of the city, and close
to the Castle guns. In this edifice it is supposed
that Mary, her daughter, after succeeding in detaching
the imbecile Dmley from his party, took
corated chimney of the former were the remains
of one of those chains to which, in Scotland, the
poker and tongs were usually attached, to prevent
their being used as weapons in case of any sudden
quarrel, One chamber was long known as the ... died in 1774, in his house at the northwest corner of Brown Square ; but his widow survived him nearly twenty ...

Book 1  p. 92
(Score 1.66)

Pottemw.] JEAN BROWN. 331
BeAoZd
a thing
and how be-
Togzfher
B d
In Unit&
Hmu good
it is,
comitzg we2
m h ns
k n ar
io h e l .
an unaristocratic quarter inay be inferred from the
fact that, so lately as 1716, Robert, seventh Earl
of Morton, a man who, Douglas says, ?was well
versed in the knowledge of the antiquities of our
country,? had his residence there ; and later still,
in 1760, Archibald, Duke of Douglas, had a stately
mansion, surrounded by extensive grounds, immediately
on the west side of the Potterrow, near
the north end of which was his carriage entrance,
a gate within a recess, overlooked by the city wall.
Lady Houston lived in the Potterrow in 1784.
In the Diary of Lord Grange, we are told of
Jean Brown, a woman in humble life, residing in the
Potterrow in I 7 17, who had somecuriousexperiences,
which, while reminding us of those of St. Teresa,
the Castilian, the foundress of the Barefooted
Carmelites, were not, singular to say, inconsistent
with orthodox Presbyterianism.
Being taken, together with Mr. Logan, the incumbent
of Culross, to see this pious woman, at
Lady Aytoun?s lodging behind the College, he
found her to be between thirty and forty years of
age ; when, having Conrmunion administered to
her at Leith, in the October of that year, she had
striven to dwell deeply on the thought of Christ
and all His sufferings. Then she had a vision of
Him extended on the cross and in His rocky sepulchre,
? as plainly as if she had been actually present
when these things happened, though there was
not any visible representation thereof made to her
bodily eyes. She also got liberty to speak to
Him, and asked several questions at Him, to
which she got answers, as if one had spoken to her
audibly, though there was no audible voice.?
Lord Grange admits that all this was somewhat
like delusion or enthusiasm, but deemed it far
from him to say it was either. Being once at Communion
in Kirkcaldy, a voice called to her, ?.Arise
and eat; for thou hast a journey to make-a
Jordan to pass through.?
The latter proved to be the Firth of Forth, where
she was upset in the water, but floated till rescued
bpa boat. Lord Grange called frequently to see
her at her little shop in the Potterrow, but usually
found it so crowded 6th children buying her
wares that his wishes were frustrated. ?Afterwards,?
he states, ?I employed her husband (a
shoemaker) to make some little things for me,
mostly to give them business, and that I might
thereby get opportunity now and then to talk with
such as, I hope, are acquainted with the ways of
God.?
Middleton?s Entry, which opened westward off the
Potterrow, was associated with another of Bums?s
heroines, Miss Jean Lorimer, the flaxen-haired ... JEAN BROWN. 331 BeAoZd a thing and how be- Togzfher B d In Unit& Hmu good it is, comitzg ...

Book 4  p. 331
(Score 1.65)

......

Book 8  p. 82
(Score 1.64)

34 EDINBURGH PAST AND PRESENT.
description. It has not yet been hackneyed by familiarity, and has sti11 all
the freshness of youth, while worthy from its utility, vastness, and variety to
rank in importadce with the time-honoured edifice beside it. The statue to
Watt the engineer, on the opposite building, marks the new School of Arts,
beside which is the Phrenological Museum. Close at hand was North College
Street, and here, at the head of College Wynd, Sir Walter Scott was born, in
a house Iong since taken down, the site of which is now crossed by Chambers
Strec It stood cl se
COLLEGE WYND.
D the near building on the rig11 of the Engraving. P i
along with this we may mention George Square, perhaps the most silent
square in the whole city, but which speaks eloquently nevertheless when we
remember that No. 25 was the house of Walter Scott, W.S., the father of Sir
Walter, and that here the great noveIist spent his studious boyhood, and had
that, early illness which, allowing him as it did the liberty of unlimited reading,
was perhaps even more than his raids to Liddesdaie the making of him.
(The house is that on the extreme right of the picture.) No. 20 was the
house of Robert Syme, better known as Timothy Tickler. We well remember
often seeing this venerable gentleman, then,between seventy and eighty years
of age, nearly seven feet high, straight as a statue, with hair white as snow,
cheek a rosebud, keen eye, aquiline nose, and military bearing, pacing
leisurely along the Meadows or the Square a little before the dinner hour
He was Professor Wilson's uncle by the mother's side, and lived till he had
reached his ninety-fourth year. Of the speeches attributed to him in the ... EDINBURGH PAST AND PRESENT. description. It has not yet been hackneyed by familiarity, and has sti11 all the ...

Book 11  p. 56
(Score 1.62)

......

Book 9  p. 385
(Score 1.62)

272 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. IArgyle square.
Many professors succeeded Blair as tenants of
the same house; among them, Alexander Chris
tison, Professor of Humanity, between 1806 and
1820, father of the great chemist, Professor Sir
Robert Christison, Bart.
In the north-western extremity of the square
was the mansion of Sir George Suttie, Bart. of
that ilk, and Balgone in Haddingtonshire, who
married Janet, daughter of William Grant, Lord
the two squares which was described as prevailing
in their amusements-tea-drinking and little fetes.
at a time when manners in Edinburgh were starched,
stately, and old-fashioned, as the customs and ideas.
that were retained, when dying out elsewhere.
On the east side of this square was the old
Trades Maiden Hospital, a plain substantial
edifice, consisting of a central block, having a great
arched door, to which a flight of steps ascended,
OLD HOUSES, SOCIETY, 1852. (From a Drawing by Gewp U'. Sim~o#.)
Prestongrange ; and here also resided his son, Sir
James, who, in 1818, succeeded his aunt, Janet
Grant, Countess of Hyndford, as heir of the line
of Prestongrange, and assumed thereby in consequence
the additional name and arms of Grant.
Their neighbour was Lady Mary Cochrane,
dwghter of Thomas sixth Earl of Dundonald, who
died unmarried at an old age.
In 1795 among the residents in -4rgyle Square
were Sir John Da!rymple, the Ladies Rae, Sutton
(dowager), and Reay, Elizabeth Fairlie (dowager of
George Lord Keay, who died in 1768). Isolated
from the rising New Town on the north by. the
great mass of the ancient city, and viewing it with
a species of antagonism and rivalry, we may well
imagine the exclusiveness of the little coteries in
and wings, with a frontage of about 150 feet. It
was intended for the daughters of decayed trades
men, and was a noble institution, founded in 1704
by the charitable Mrs. Mary Erskine, the liberal
contributor to the Merchant Maiden Hospital, and
who was indeed the joint foundress of both.
In 1794 fifty girls were maintained in the
hospital, paying AI 13s. 4d. on entrance, and receiving
when they left it a bounty of ;E5 16s. 69d.,
for then its revenue amounted to only A600 per
annum. In the process of making Chambers
Street this edifice was demolished, and the institution
removed to Rillbank near the Meadows.
It stood immediately opposite Minto House, a
handsome and spacious edifice on the north side
of the square, forty-five feet square, on the slope ... OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. IArgyle square. Many professors succeeded Blair as tenants of the same house; among ...

Book 4  p. 272
(Score 1.58)

ST LEONARD'S, ST MARY'S WYND, AND COWGATE. 331
operations, the workmen found beyond the old city wall, and at a depth of eighteen feet
below the level of the present Cowgate, a common shaped barrel, about six feet high,
standing upright, imbedded eighteen inches deep in a stratum of blue clay, and with a
massive stone beside it. The appearance of the whole suggested the idea that the barrel
had been so placed to collect the rain water from the eaves of a neighbouring house, and
with a stepping-stone to enable any one to reach its contents. At a little distance from
this, to the westward, and about the same depth, a large copper vessel was found, measuring
fully eighteen inches in diameter by six inches deep. This interesting relic is now deposited
in the Museum of the Society of Antiquaries, along with some portions of the barrel staves,
and there can be no question that both had formed at a very remote period part of the
eurta supelkx of a citizen of note. The size of the copper vessel is of itself a proof of its
owner.% wealth, and could only have belonged to some person of distinction. But the
most curious inference derived from these discoveries is the evidence they afford of the
gradual rising of the street in the course of ages. Some years before a pavement was
discovered, about twelve feet below the surface, in digging towards the east end of the
Cowgate for a large drain, and here domestic utensils, at a still lower level, proved how
gradual, yet unceasing, must have been the progress of this phenomenon common to
all ancient cities. From the want of police regulations in the Middle Ages, refuse and
rubbish accumulated on the street, and became trodden down into a firm soil, until
even pavements were lost sight of, and the bases of the buildings were adapted to the new
level.'
In the ancient title-deeds of Merchant's Court, already referred to as the mansion of
the Earl of Haddington, it is described as '(that great lodging, with the yaird, well, closs,
and perta thereof, lying betwixt ye lands pertaining to umq" Wm. Speed, bailie, and me
certain trance regal, leading to ye Grayfrer's Port, on ye west. The arable land, or croft
of the Sisters of ye Nuns of ye Sheyns, on ye south, &c." On a part of this ground lying
to the south of the Cowgate, and belonging to the Convent of St Catherine de Sienna, a
corporation was established so early as 1598, for the brewing of ale and beer, commodities
which have ever since been foremost among the staple productions of Edinburgh. The
name Society, which still pertains to this part of the town, preserves B record of this ancient
company of brewers, and from the same cause, the neighbouring Greyfriars or Bristow
Port, is frequently styled Society Port' Between this and the Cowgate lies the once
fashionable district, which a correspondent of the Edinburgh Advertiser in- 1764 styles
'' that very elegant square, called Brown Square," and which he thinks wants nothing to
complete its beauty but (' an elegant statue of his Majesty in the middle f " Such a project
might not now seem so extravagant, since the improvers of the neighbourhood have
swept away the east and west sides of it, and thrown it open to the great public thoroughfare
of the neighbourhood; but at that time it was a little square area not so large as
S c o l ~N~ov,. 16, 1844. ' '.The foundation and building of the howssis for sill and beir brewing, beqd the Grayfrier Port, callit the Societie,
was begun in the yeir of God, 1598."-f&t. of King Jam the Sed, p. 374, In ye beginning of yie
moneth, the Societie begrin to yr work at the Gxay Friar Kirke."-BireZs Diary. A curious fragment of the Old Town wall
remains to the south of Society buildings, and one of them, built upon it, is a singular and unique Bpecimen of early
architecture, wrought in ornamental panels between the windows, and with deep eaves to the roof, somewhat in the
style of the old brick and timber fronts, common at Canterbury and other ancient English towna Adjoining thia was a
Jong-established tavern, which bore the quaint name of the E& in thc Way.
" Ap. 26,1598. ... Advertiser in- 1764 styles '' that very elegant square, called Brown Square ," and which he thinks ...

Book 10  p. 361
(Score 1.58)

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 33
may be mentihned Gayfield House, at the foot of Gayfield Square ; the house
of Sir Lawrence Dundas, then M.P. for the city, now occupied by the Royal
Bank, St. Andrew Square ; the Register Office, etc.
Besides the Chapel-now occupied as the " Whitefield Chapel "-Mr. Butter
was proprietor of several tenements in Carrubber's Close, then one of the most
fashionable portions of the Old Town, and which yet retains evidence of the
respectability of its former inhabitants. Some large houses about Shakspeare
Square (so called from the Theatre Royal which stood there) also belonged to
him, part of which stood directly in front of the Regent Bridge, forming a junction
with Leith Street. A portion of this property was acquired by the Commissioners
for the City Improvements, for which they paid $12,000, in order to make way
for the splendid opening, formed in 1822, from Princes Street towards the
Calton' Hill.
It was deemed fortunate for Mr. Butter, as the old saying has it, that '' his
father was born before him." Although by no meana addicted to the excesses
of the times in which he lived, yet his notions of social life were materially
different from those of his father. Fond of music and the drama, he was a
liberal patron to performers ; and, among others, the improvident Digges,' then
the universal favourite with the Edinburgh audience, received no inconsiderable
share of his admiration and friendship. The old man had no sympathy for the
refined tastes of his son, and he used to say that " ne'er an Italian fiddler cam'
to Edinburgh but Willie was sure to find him out." Of a kindly disposition '
Mr. Digges, both as a manager and an actor, was a favourite with the play-going people of
Edinburgh. Out of compliment to the fair, but frail, George Anne Bellamy, who lived with him, he
assumed her name, and actually performed as Mr. Bellamy for one if not two seasons. The following
anecdote, although not related in Mrs. Bellamy's " Apology" for her life, is nevertheless authentic :-
" The disputes between Nr. Digges and that lady at one time, when they were together in Edinburgh,
ran so high, that although it waa then midnight, and in the winter season, he began to take
off his clothes in a violent rage, with an intention to drown himself in a pond which was contiguous
to their lodgings. Mrs. Bellamy surveyed the operation with the utmost calmness ; and, when he
had run out of the house, arose from her 6er.t with the same nonchalance, and fastened the street-door.
The rigour of the season, with a little reflection, soon cooled his passion. On his return, a capitulation
took place before entrance was granted him. His teeth chattering in his head with cold, he was
obliged to submit to the severest terms the lady in possession of the fortress thought proper to
impose ; after which he was permitted to enter, and an act of general amnesty was issued for that
time,
He was always in debt ;
and, although living in splendour, contrived to pay as few of his creditors as possihle. With his
laundress be ran up a long score, and with his washerwoman a longer. It happened that they both
arrived at his house accidentally upon the same errand, to dun him for the fiftieth time. Some difficulty
arose in proouring access, as he was denied, Digges, hearing voices in altercation, desired the
ladies to walk upstairs, and he would give them audience separately. He called into operation his
powers of persuasion. He completely subdued the laundress, who left the apartment perfectly
contented, though without receiving one farthing of the debt ; and the rugged heart of tbe washerwoman
melted before him, and she departed penniless, exclaiming he wag a sweet gentleman ! His
correspondence with Mrs. Ward, an actress of great celebrity, was printed at Edinburgh (Skvenson),
1833. 8vo. * Hay mentions as an instance, that when the Lodge of the Roman Eagle held a funeral meeting,
in 1789, in honour of Doctor Brown, the founder of the Institution, as soon as Mr. Butter understood
that the profits were to be devoted to the widow and family of the Doctor, he without solicitation
offered the gratuitous use of his chapel in Carrubber's Close.-an offer gladly accepted by the Lodge.
Their union, however, was shortly afterwards dissolved. "
Digges was a devoted slave to the fair, and his address was admirable.
VOL. 11. F ... SKETCHES. 33 may be mentihned Gayfield House, at the foot of Gayfield Square ; the house of Sir ...

Book 9  p. 45
(Score 1.57)

184 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [Broughton.
been placed along both sides of a road that ran
east and west; those on the south being more
detached, spread away upward nearly to York
Place. The western end of the hamlet was demolished
when the present Broughton market
was constructed. From that portion, which had
been a kind of square, a path led through the
fields, where now London Street stands, to Canonmills.
One by one the cottages have disappeared, in
their rude construction, with forestairs and loopbuilding
with a graceful spire 180 feet high. It
was erected on the site of an ancient quarry,
1859-61, after designs by J. F. Rocheid, at the
cost of ;613,000, and is in a mixed later English
and Tudor style.
Heriot?s school, also on the west side of the
street, is one of the elementary institutions which
the governors of George Heriot?s Hospital were
empowered by Act of Parliament to erect from
their surplus revenues., It is attended by about
3,400 boys and girls, and rises from a spacious and
BROUGHTON BURN, 1850. From a Dmwiw by William Ckanniag, iff tkt hssessim of Dr. 3. A, .??,,+,.)
hole windows, contrasting strongly with the new
and fashionable streets that have replaced them.
In the modern Broughton Street is a plain Ionic
edifice, long used as a place of worship by the
disciples of Edward Irving, and near it, at the
south-east angle of Albany Street,.-the Independent
church was built in 1816, at a cost of A4,000, and
improved in 1867 at a cost of more than A200; a
plain and unpretending edifice.
The Gaelic church, which adjoins the Independent
church, is the old Catholic Apostolic,
which was bought in 1875 for about &~,ooo, improved
for about _f;2,000, and opened in October
1876.
SL Mary?s Free church is a beautiful Gothic
airy arcade, under which they can play in wet
weather.
At the south-west corner of Broughton Place is
St. James?s Episcopal chapel, which, in architecture
externally, is assimilated with the houses of the
street. It was built in 1829, and has attached to
it, on the north, a neat school, built in 1869.
Fronting Broughton Place, and at the eastern end
thereof, stands the United Presbyterian church,
built in 1821, at the cost of A7,ogg. It is a
spacious edifice, with a very handsome tetrastyle
Doriciportico, and underwent repairs in 1853 and
1870, at the united cost of A4,ooo. It is chiefly
remarkable as the scene of the ministrations of the
late Dr. John Brown. ... OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [Broughton. been placed along both sides of a road that ran east and west; those on ...

Book 3  p. 184
(Score 1.55)

......

Book 8  p. 103
(Score 1.54)

CONTENTS. ix
CHAPTER XLVII.
MOULTRAY'S HILL-HER MAJESTY'S GENERAL REGISTER HOUSE. PAGE
The Moultrays of that Ilk-Village of Moultray's Hill-The Chapel of St. Ninian-St James's Square-Bunker's Hill-Mr. Dundas-Rob&
Bums's House-State of the Scottish Recdrds-Indifference of the Government in 174a-The Register House built-Its Objects and
Size<urious Documents preserved in this House-The Ofice of Lord Clerk Register-The Secretary's Register-The Register of
Sashes-The Lyon King of Arms-Sir David Lindesay-Si James Balfour-Si Alexander Erskine-New Register HoustGreat and
privy Seals of Scotland-The Wellington Statue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 364
CHAPTER XLVIII.
THE S O U T H B R I D G E .
Marlii's Wynd-Legend of the Pavior-Peebles Wynd-The Bridge Founded-Price of Sites-Laing's Book Shop-The Assay Office and
Goldsmith's Hall-Mode of Marking the Plate-The Corporation, and old Acts concerning it-Hunter's SquarGMerchant Company's
Hall-The Company's Charter-"The Stock of Broom"-Their Monopoly and Progress-The Great Schools of the Merchant
Company-The Chamber .of Commerce-Adam Square-Adam's Houses-Dr. Andrew Duncan-Leonard Homer and the Watt
Institution-Its Progress and Vitality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 373
CHAPTER XLIX.
THE PLEASANCE 'AND ST. LEONARDS.
The Convent of St. Mary-Friends' Burial PlactOld Chirurgeon's Hall-Surgeon's Square-" Hamilton's Folly "-The Gibbet-Chapel
and Hospital of St. Leonard-Davie Deans' Cottage-The .. IMOCCnt Railway "-First Public Dispensary . . . . . . 382
KEYS OF THE CITY OF EDINBURGH. ... ix CHAPTER XLVII. MOULTRAY'S HILL-HER MAJESTY'S GENERAL REGISTER HOUSE. PAGE The Moultrays of that ...

Book 2  p. 391
(Score 1.51)

......

Book 11  p. 202
(Score 1.51)

332 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [Aliison Squam
Chloris of some of his finest lyrics, the daughter of
a prosperous farmer at a place called Kemmis
Hall, on the banks of the Nith, and who, after
undergoing many vicissitucies, and having for a
time ?had her portion with weeds and outworn
faces,? was seized with consumption, and retired to
an obscure abode in that narrow and gloomy lane.
? If Fortune smile, be not puffed up,
And if it frown, be not dismayed ;
For Providence govemeth all,
Although the world ?s turned upside down,?
It was in Alison Square that Thomas Campbell,
the poet, resided when writing the ?? Pleasures of
Hope.? He occupied the second floor of a stair
CLARINDA?S HOUSE, GENERAL?S ENTRY.
There she lingered long in loneliness and suffering,
supported by the chanty of strangers, till she found
a final home in Newington burying-ground.
Alison Square, which lay farther south, and
through which a street has now been run, was
built in the middle of the eighteenth century, upon
a venture, by Colin Alison, a joiner, who in after
iife was much reduced in circumstances by the
speculation. In his latter days he erected two
boards on different sides of his buildings, whereon
he had painted a globe in the act of falling, with
this inscription :-
on the north side of the central archway, with
windows looking partly into the Potterrow, and
partly into Nicolson Street. The poem is said to
have been written here in the night, his master?s
temper being so irritable that it was then only he
could find peace for his task.
Alison Square was completely transformed in
1876, when Marshal1 Street was constructed through
it. A Baptist church, in a most severe Lombardic
style, stands on the north side of this new street.
It was built in 1876-7, at the cost of L4,ooo.
Between 1773 and 1783, Francis, eighth Earl of
tavern
pub
public house
ale house
buildings
close ... OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [Aliison Squam Chloris of some of his finest lyrics, the daughter of a prosperous ...

Book 4  p. 332
(Score 1.47)

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