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Book 8  p. 32
(Score 3.63)

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Book 8  p. 22
(Score 2.92)

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 17
Mr. Arnot, in his day, enjoyed an unusually large share of local popularity,
proceeding from a combination of circumstances-his extraordinary figure, his
abilities, his public spirit, his numerous eccentricities, and his caustic wit and
humour. The reverse of Falstaif in figure, he resembled that creature of ima,u' lnation
in being not only witty himself, but the cause of wit in others. The jest
of Henry Erskine, who, meeting him in the act of eating a spelding or dried
haddock, complimented him on looking so like his meat, was but one of many
which his extraordinary tenuity gave rise to.
Going alongst the North Bridge one day, Mr. Arnot, who was of so extremely
na'vaus and irritable a disposition that he appeared, when walking the streets
as if constantly under the apprehension of some impending danger, was suddenly
surrounded by half-a-dozen unruly curs in the course of their gambols. This
was a trying situation for a man of his weak nerves j but he wanted only presence
of mind, not courage, and the latter, after a second or two, came to his
aid. It rose with the occasion, and he began to brandish his stick ; striking
right and left, in front and in rear, with a rapidity and vigour that kept the
enemy at bay, and made himself, in a twinkling, the centre of a canine circle.
The resolution, however, which had come so opportunely to his assistance on
this occasion, in the end gave way. Perceiving a break in the enemy's lines,
he bolted through, turned again round, and thus, keeping the foe in front,
retreated, still flourishing his stick, till he got his back against a wall,
where, though it does not appear that he was pursued by the dogs, he continued
the exercise of his cudgel for some time with unabated vigour, a8 if still in
contact with the enemy, to the great amusement of the bystanders, amongst
whom recognising a young man whom he knew, he roared out to him in a voice
almost inarticulate with excessive agitation-" W-1, you scoundrel ! why
did you not assist me when you saw me in such danger 4"
The man whom nervous disease placed in this grotesque attitude was originally
of an intrepid mind, as is sufficiently proved by several incidents in his
early life. One of them was his riding to the end of the Pier of Leith on a
spirited horse, when the waves were dashing over it in such a way as to impress
every onlooker with the belief that he could not fail to be swept into the sea.
Another was his accepting the challenge of an anonymous foe, who took
offence at a political pamphlet he had written. This person called on him to
meet him in the King's Park, naming the particular place and time. Mr. h o t
repaired to the spot at the appointed hour; but, though he waited long, no
antagonist presented himself.
In his professional capacity he was guided by a sense of honour, and of moral
obligation, to which he never scrupled to sacrifice his interests. He would take
in hand no one cause, of the justice and legality of which he was not perfectly
satisfied. On one occasion, a case being submitted to his consideration, which
seemed to him to possess neither of these qualifications-" Pray," said he, with
a grave countenance to the intending litigant, "what do you suppose me to bet"
-<'Why,'' answered the latter, "I understand you to be a lawyer."-"I
D ... SKETCHES. 17 Mr. Arnot, in his day, enjoyed an unusually large share of local popularity, proceeding ...

Book 8  p. 21
(Score 2.89)

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Book 8  p. 20
(Score 2.79)

St Gilds Churchyard. THE CHURCHYARD. I49
were a hospital and chapel known by the name
of the ?Maison Dieu.? ?We know not,? says
Arnot, ?* at what time or by whom it was founded ;
but at the Reformation it shared the common
fate of Popish establishments in this country. It
was converted into private property. This building
is still (1779) entire, and goes by the name of the
Clam-shell Turnpike, from the figure of an escalopshell
cut in stone above the door.?
Fire and modern reform have effected dire
changes here since Arnot wrote. Newer buildings
.occupy the site ; but still, immediately above the
entrance that led of old to Bell?s Wynd, a modern
stone lintel bears an escalop shell in memory of
the elder edifice, which, in the earliest titles of it
. conceit which appears among the sculpture at
Roslm chapel. So late as 1620 ?James Lennox
iselected chaplain of the chapelry of the holy rood,
in the burgh kirk-yard of St. Giles.? Hence it is
supposed that the nether kirk-yard remained in use
long after the upper had been abandoned as a
plad of sepulture.
All this was holy ground in those days, fQr in
U Keith?s Catalogue? we are told that near the
head of Bell?s Wynd (on the eastern side) there
the pavement of a noisy street, ?there sleep the
great, the good, the peaceful and the turbulent,
the faithful and the false, all blent together in their
quaint old coffins and flannel shrouds, with money
in their dead hands, and crosses or chalices on
their breasts ; old citizens who remembered the
long-haired King David passing forth with barking
hound and twanging horn on that Roodday in
harvest which so nearly cost him his life ; and how
the fair Queen Margaret daily fed the poor at the
castle gate ?with the tenderness of a mother;?
those who had seen Randolph?s patriots scale ?the
steep, the iron-belted rock;? Count Guy of Namur?s
Flemish lances routed on the Burghmuir, and
William Wallace mustering his bearded warriors
-
~~ ~ ~~~~~
that are extant, was written of as the ?old land,?
formerly belonging to George Crichton, Bishop of
Dunkeld, who held that see between the years
1527 and 1543, and was Lord Keeper of the
Privy Seal under King James V.
Overlooked, then, by the great cruciform church
of St. Giles, and these minor ecclesiastical edifices,
the first burying-ground of Edinburgh lay on the
steep slope with its face to the sun. The last
home of generations of citizens, under what is now
ST. GILES?S CHURCH IN Tni PRESENT DAY. ... Gilds Churchyard. THE CHURCHYARD. I49 were a hospital and chapel known by the name of the ?Maison Dieu.? ?We ...

Book 1  p. 149
(Score 2.53)

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Book 8  p. 456
(Score 2.11)

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Book 10  p. 364
(Score 2.08)

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Book 8  p. 455
(Score 2.05)

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 157
Between the years 1781 and 1785 Mr. Lawson published a full detail of the
proceedings in his case, in a pamphlet occupying nearly 300 pages of letterpress ;
also, '' Three Letters addressed to candid Christians of all denominations."
He immediately thereafter went to London, where he was well received hy
several Dissenting clergymen, and from whom he obtained a license to preach,
which he continued to do for a few years, in connection with the Relief body.
Mr. Lawson died at Leith on the 27th of August 1788.
No. LXVI.
AN EXCHANGE OF HEADS.
HUG0 ARNOT, ESQ.-MR. 'CVILLIADI MACPHERSON,
AND ROGER HOG, ESQ.
THE " Exchange of Heads " is supposed to have taken place betwixt two
individuals, so very opposite in every describable feature, that the one has been
denominated a shadow, while the other, par excellence, may as appropriately be
termed substance. The space between shadow and substance is ingeniously
devoted to the full development of a back view of a third party, who, differing
entirely from either, displays a rotundity of person more than equal to the
circumference of both.
Some account has already been given of MR. ARNOT, whose head, forming
the apex to the solid pyramid of Macpherson's trunk, appears first to the left in
the trio of figures. Respecting his substantial friend, however, whose ponderous
head, as if poised on a needle, seems like an infringement of the laws of gravity,
some amusing gossip has been preserved.
MR WILLIAM MACPHERSON, whose father was sometime deacon of
the masons in Edinburgh, was a Writer to the Signet, and, in many respects,
a man of very eccentric habits. He lived in that famed quarter of the city, the
West Bow, three stairs up, in a tenement which immediately joined the city
wall, and looked towards the west, but which has been recently removed to
make way for the improvements now in progress, and which have all but annihilated
the Bow. Mr. Macpherson continued a bachelor through life, and seemed
from many circumstances to have conceived a determined antipathy to the
" honourable state of matrimony." He had two maiden sisters who kept house
with him ; but whether they entertained similar prejudices, or remained single ... SKETCHES. 157 Between the years 1781 and 1785 Mr. Lawson published a full detail of the proceedings ...

Book 8  p. 222
(Score 2.05)

THE OLD TOWN. 41
1845, Old Greyfriars Church was restored and reopened in 1857. What a
strange and varied history it has gone through!--'not a church, but a
caravanserai.' Here, after a sermon by Alexander Henderson of Leucbars in
1663, the Solemn League and Covenant was signed, laid out on a gravestone,
the parchment at length failing them, and many of the signatures being written
STONE ON WHICH TAB COVENANT WAS SIGNED.
in blood ! (In the Engraving the stone is enclosedaithin' the railing, and a
glimpse of light rests on it.) Here'"Dr>Robertson the historian rolled along
his splendid sentences in the morning, and Dr. John Erskine in the afternoon
pierced and scattered them by hii Presbyterian dagger ! the one contending that
virtue, were she coming to earth in human form, would be adored ; the other
announcing that sheshad come in the person of Christ, and had been crucified
and slain. Here Dr. Robert Lee, a reformer too, in his own way, discerning
perhaps his time as well as Henderson did his, introduced an organ and a
liturgy, and struck a chord of innovation which his successor, the sagacious
and daring Wallace-now Editor of the Scofsman-boIdIy and successfully
followed.
The Greyfriars Churchyard stands on the ruins of the Franciscan
Monastery, and strange it was that the first man of note buried in it should
be George Buchanan, the scourge of the Franciscans as well as of the other
orders of monks-described by Miiton as 'white, black, and grey, With all
their trumpery.' Buchanan's funeral was attended by a 'great company of
the faithful,' and, standing near a small tablet erected to his memory by a
working blacksmith-his only monument here,-let us recall for an instant into
honourable remembrance the greatest of Scottish Latin scholars and not the
least of Scottish poets, the noble, brave-hearted, outspoken, manly, and eloquent
F ... OLD TOWN. 41 1845, Old Greyfriars Church was restored and reopened in 1857. What a strange and varied history ...

Book 11  p. 65
(Score 2.04)

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Book 8  p. 578
(Score 1.95)

I 2 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [University.
posts, and make the Grassmarket their headquarters.
The City Militia held the High Street,
a guard was placed on the college, and the guards
at the palace were doubled.
Undismayed by all this, the students mustered
in the Old High School Yard, with their effigy in
pontifical robes, and proceeded without opposition
down the High School Wynd, and up Blackfriars
Wynd to the lower end of High Street, where,
finding there was no time to lose, though unopposed
by the militia, they set fire to the figure
amid shouts of ?? Pereat Papa f I? but had instantly
to fly. Arnot says the burning took place in the
Blackfriars Wynd.
Grim old Dalyell of Binns came galloping
through the Netherbow Port at the head of his
linquish their intention, and a few who were
English were seized in their beds, and carried by
the guard to the Tolbooth.
All the forces in Leith and the neighbourhood
mere marched into the Canongate, where they remained
all night under arms ; and in the morning
the Provost allowed the privileges of a fortified
city to be violated, it was alleged, by permitting
the Foot Guards and Mars Fusiliers (latterly
zIst Foot) to enter the gates, seize advantageous
of treatment not much more respectful than their
own. In the course of this operation the head
fell OK,? and was borne in triumph up the Castle
Hill by a Dumber of boys. But this trumpery
affair did not end here.
Seven students were apprehended, and examined
before the Privy Council by Sir George
Mackenzie of Rosehaugh, the King?s Advocate,
and after being a few days in custody, were liberated.
So little were they gratified by this leniency
that many street scuffles took place between them
and the troops, whom they alleged to be the aggressors.
Violent denunciations of revenge against the
magistrates were uttered in the streets ; and upon
the 11th of January, 1681, the house of Priestfield
grey Dragoons; then came the Fusiliers, under the
Earl of Mar; and Lord Linlithgowv, with one
battalion of the Scots Foot Guards, in such haste
that he fell off his horse. The troops were ordered
to extinguish the flames and rescue the image.
? This, however, understanding the combustible
state of its interior, they were in no haste to do ;
keeping at a cautious distance, they merely belaboured
his Holiness with the butt end of their
musquets, which the students allege was a mode
.
THE LIBRARY OF THE OLD UNIVERSITY, AS SEEN FROM THE SOUTH-WESTERN CORNER OF THE QUADRANGLE,
LOOKING EAST. (From an EngnauiqQ W. H. Lizursofa Drawing& Playfair). ... 2 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [University. posts, and make the Grassmarket their headquarters. The City Militia held ...

Book 5  p. 12
(Score 1.92)

14 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES.
No. v.
LORD KAMES.
HUG0 ARNOT, ESQ. OF BALCORMO, ADVOCATE.
LORD MONBODDO.
HENRY HOME, LORDK AMESt,h e first figure in this Print, well known by his
numerous works on law and metaphysics, was a judge of the Courts of Session
and Justiciary,
He was born in the county of Berwick, in the year 1695, and was descended
of an ancient but reduced family. But it was to his own exertions, his natural
talent, and profound legal knowledge, that he was indebted for the high rank
and celebrity he subsequently attained ; for his father was in straitened circumstances,
and unable to extend to him any such aid as wealth could afford.
His lordship was early destined for the profession of the law, in which he
wisely began at the beginning ; having started in his career as a writer's apprentice,
with the view of acquiring a competent knowledge of the forms and practical
business of courts. After long and successful practice at the bar, he was raised
to the bench, and took his seat 6th February 1752.
Lord Kames possessed a flow of spirits, and a vivacity of wit and liveliness
of fancy, that rendered his society exceedingly delightful, and particularly acceptable
to the ladies, with whom he was in high favour. He is accused of having
become in his latter years somewhat parsimonious ; what truth may have been
in the accusation we know not.
Notwithstanding the general gravity of his pursuits, his lordship was naturally
of a playful disposition, and fond of a harmless practical joke, of which a
curious instance is on record.
A Mr. Wingate, who had been his private tutor in early life, but who had
by no means made himself agreeable to him, called upon him after he had
become eminent in his profession, to take his opinion regarding the validity of
certain title-deeds which he held for a sum of money advanced on land. The
lawyer, after carefully examining them, looked at his old master with an air of
the most profound concern, and expressed a hope that he had not concluded the
bargain. The alarmed pedagogue, with a most rueful countenance, answered
that he had ; when Mr. Home gravely proceeded to entertain him with a luminous
exposition of the defects of the deeds, showing, by a long series of legal
and technical objections, that they were not worth the value of the parchment
on which they were written. Having enjoyed for aome time Wingate's distress,
he relieved the sufferer by thus addressing him-"You may remember, sir, how
you made me smart in days of yore for very amall offences : now, I think our ... BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. No. v. LORD KAMES. HUG0 ARNOT, ESQ. OF BALCORMO, ADVOCATE. LORD MONBODDO. HENRY ...

Book 8  p. 17
(Score 1.91)

plead With great eloquence upon what they had
picked up from the opposite counsel. When
acting as a volunteer against the Highland army,
in 1745, he fell into the hands of Colonel John
Roy Stewart, and was nearly hanged as a spy at
Musselburgh Bridge. He was author of several
literary works; but had many strange fancies, in
which he seemed to indulge with a view to his
health, which was always valetudinarian. He had
INTERIOR OF THE JUSTICIARY COURT.*
' he used to measure out the utmost time that was
allowed for a judge to deliver his opinion; and
Lord Arniston would never allow another word tc,
be uttered after the last grain had run, and was
frequently seen to shakeominously this old-fashioned
chronometer in the faces of his learned brethren if
they became vague or tiresome. He was a jovial
old lord, in whose house, when Sheriff Cockburn
lived there as a boy, in 1750, sixteen hogsheads
young one, which followed him like a dog
wherever he went, and slept in his bed. When
it attained the years and bulk of swinehood this
was attended with inconvenience ; but, unwilling
to part with his companion, Lord Gardenstone,
when he undressed, laid his clothes on the floor,
as a bed for it, and that he might find his clothes
warm in the winter mornings. He died at Morningside,
near Edinburgh, in July, 1793.
Robert Dundas of Arniston succeeded Culloden,
in 1748, as Lord President. In his days
it was the practice for that high official to have
a sand-glass before him on the Bench, with which
Dalrymple -said : " I knew the great lawyers of
the last age-Mackenzie, Lockhart, and my OWD
father, Stair-but Dundas excels them all !" (Catalogue
of the Lords, 1767.)
Among the last specimens ot the strange Scottish
judges of the last century were the Lords Balniute
and Hermand.
The former, Claud Boswell ot Balmuto, was.
born in 1742, and was educated at the same'
school, in Dalkeith, with Henry Dundas, afterwards
Lord Melville ; and the friendship formed by the
two boys there, lasted till the death of the peer, in
May, 181 I. He always spoke, even on the Bench,
He died in 1787.
Tn the dnwing visitors are represented as looking down the stairs leading to the cells below. ... With great eloquence upon what they had picked up from the opposite counsel. When acting as a volunteer ...

Book 1  p. 172
(Score 1.86)

241 CoWgab.1 THE EPISCOPAL CHAPEL.
to preach openly, by taking the oaths to Govemment,
had been founded in Edinburgh by Baron
Smith, and two smaller ones were founded about
1746, in Skinner?s and Carrubber?s Closes; but as
these places were only mean and inconvenient
apartments, a plan was formed for the erection of
a large and handsome church. The Episcopalians
of the city chose a committee of twelve gentlemen
to see the scheme executed. They purchased from
the Royal College of Physicians the area of what
had formerly been the Tweeddale gardens, and
opened a subscription, which was the only resource
they had for completing the building, the
trifling funds belonging to the former obscure
chapels bearing no proportion to the cost of so
expensive a work. But this impediment was removed
by the gentlemen of the committee, who
generously gave their personal credit to a considerable
amount.
The foundation stone was laid on the 3rd of
April, 1771, by the Grand Master Mason, Lieutenant-
General Sir Adolphus Oughton, K.B.,
Colonel of the 31st Foot, and Commander of the
Forces in Scotland. The usual coins were deposited
in the stone, under a plate, inscribed thus :-
EDIFICII SAC. ECCLESIW EPISC. ANGLIB,
PRIMIlM POSUIT LAPIDEY,
I. ADOLPHUS OUGHTON,
CURIO MAXIMUS,
MILITUM PRWFECTUS,
REONANTE GEORGIO 111.
TERTIO APR. DIE,
A.D. MDCCLXXI.
IN ARCHITECTONICA storm RFPUB.
Towards this church the Writers to the Signet
subscribed zoo guineas, and the Incorporation
of Surgeons gave 40 guineas, and on Sunday, the
9th of October, 1774, divine service was performed
in it for the first time. ?This is a plain,
handsome building,? says Arnot, ? neatly fitted up
in the inside somewhat in the form of the church
of St. Martin?s-in-the-Fields, London. It is 90
feet long by 75 broad pver the walls, and is omamented
with a neat spire of a tolerable height. In
the spire hangs an excellent bell, formerly belonging
to the Chapel Royal at Holyrood, which is
permitted to be rung for assembling the congregation,
an indulgence that is not allowed to the
Presbyterians in England. This displays a commendable
liberality of sentiment in the magistrates
of Edinburgh ; but breathes no jealousy for the
dignity of their national Church. In the chapel
there is a fine organ, made by Snetzler.of London.
In the east side is a niche of 30 feet, with a
Venetian window, where stands the altar, which is
adorned with paintings by Runciman, a native of
Edinburgh. In the volta is the Ascefision; over
the small window on the right is Christ talking
with the Samaritan woman ; on the left the Prodigal
returned. In these two the figures are halflength.
On one side of the table is the figure of
Moses ; on the other that of Elias.?
At the time Arnot wrote L6,Soo had been spent
on the building, which was then incomplete. ? The
ground,? he adds, ?? is low ; the chapel is concealed
by adjacent buildinis ; the access for carriages inconvenient,
and there is this singularityattending it,
that it is the only Christian church standing north
and south we ever saw or heard of. . . . . . . . . There are about I,ooo persons in this
congregation. Divine service is celebrated before
them according to all the rites of the Church of
England. This deserves to be considered as a
mark of increasing moderation and liberality among
the generality of the people. Not many years ago
that form of worship in all its ceremonies would
not have been tolerated The organ and paintings
would have been downright idolatry, and the
chapel would have fallen a sacrifice to the fury of
the mob.?
Upon the death of Mr. Can; the first senior
clergyman of this chapel, he was interred under its
portico, and the funeral service was sung, the voices
of the congregation being accompanied by the
organ. In Arnot?s time the senior clergyman was
Dr. Myles Cooper, Principal of New York College,
an exile from America in consequence of the revolt
of the colonies.
In the middle?of February, 1788, accounts
reached Scotland of the death and funeral of Prince
Charles Edward, the eldest grandson of James VII.,
at Rome, and created a profound sensation among
people of all creeds, and the papers teemed with
descriptions of the burial service at Frascati ; how
his brother, the Cardinal, wept, and his voice broke
when singing the office for the dead prince, on
whose coffin lay the diamond George and collar of
the Garter, now in Edinburgh Castle, while the
militia of Frascati stood around as a guard, with
the Master of Nairn, in whose arms the prince
expired.
In the subsequent April the Episcopal College
met ?at Aberdeen, and unanimously resolved that
they should submit ? to the present Government of
this kingdom as invested in his present Majesty
George III.,? death having broken the tie which
bound them to the House of Stuart. Thenceforward
the royal family was prayed for in all their
churches, and the penal statutes, after various
modifications, were repezled in 1792. Eight years
afterwards the Rev. Archibald Alison (father of ... CoWgab.1 THE EPISCOPAL CHAPEL. to preach openly, by taking the oaths to Govemment, had been founded in ...

Book 4  p. 247
(Score 1.86)

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Book 8  p. 604
(Score 1.85)

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Book 8  p. 290
(Score 1.82)

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Book 8  p. 600
(Score 1.82)

304 OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [Newhaven.
~~~~~ ~
being inadmissible from the broad belt which supports
the creel, that is, fish-basket, crossing the
forehead. A sort of woollen pea-jacket with vast
amplitude of skirt, conceals the upper part of the
person, relieved at the throat by a liberal display
of handkerchief The under part of the figure is
endued upon a masculine but handsome form, notwithstanding
the slight stoop forward, which is
almost uniformly contracted-fancy the firm and
elastic step, the toes slightly inclined inwardsand
the ruddy complexion resulting from hard
exercise, and you have the beau idiab of fishwives."
REV. DR. FAIRBAIRN. (A&r a Photagrajh 6y John Mojat, Elnburgh.)
invested with a voluminous quantity of petticoat,
of substantial material and gaudy colour, generally
yellow with stripes, so made as to admit of a very
free inspection of the ankle, and worn in such
numbers that the bare mention of them would be
enough to make a fine lady faint. 'One half of
these ample garments is gathered over the haunches,
puffing out the figure in an unusual and uncouth
manner. White worsted stockings and stout shoes
complete the picture. Imagine these investments
The unmarried girls when pursuing the trade of
hawking fish wear the same costume, save that
their heads are always bare.
The Buckhaven fisher people on the opposite
coast are said to derive their origin from Flemish
settlers, and yet adhere to the wide trousers and
long boots of the Netherlands; but there is no
reason for supposing that those of Newhaven or
Fisherrow are descended from any other than a
good old Scottish stock. ... OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH. [Newhaven. ~~~~~ ~ being inadmissible from the broad belt which supports the creel, ...

Book 6  p. 304
(Score 1.71)

......

Book 8  p. 608
(Score 1.67)

the neighbouring .collegiate church, to a brewer?s
granary and spirit vault ! The ground floor had
been entirely re-paved with hewn stone ; but over
a large window on the first floor there was a sculptured
lintel, which is mentioned by Arnot as having
TAILORS? HALL, COWGATE.
interesting remains, so characteristic of the obsolete
faith and habits of a former age, afforded undoubted
evidence of the importance of this building in early
times, when it formed a part of the extensive
collegiate establishment of St. Mary-in-the-Fields
bore the following inscription, cut in beautiful and
very early characters :-
???itbe Baria, gratia pkna, lomfnus tecum.?
A most beautiful Gothic niche was in the front of
this Suilding. ? It is said to have stood originally
over the main gateway,? he continues, above the
carved lintel we have described, and without a
the wealthy citizens of the capital. To complete
the ecclesiastical feature of this ancient edifice, a
boldly-cut shield on the lower crowstep bore the
usual monogram of our Saviour, I.H.S., and the
window presented the common feature of broken
mullions and transoms with which they had been
originally divided.? ... neighbouring .collegiate church, to a brewer?s granary and spirit vault ! The ground floor had been entirely ...

Book 4  p. 252
(Score 1.64)

West Bow.1 THE TEMPLE LANDS. 321
and diversion from other patients, and his lucrum
assans, he has lost more than &so sterling, and
craves that sum as his fee and the recompense of
his damage.?
But as it was represented for the Laird of Netherplace,
that he had done his work unskilfully, and
In the city the order possessed several flat-roofed
tenements, known as the Temple Lands, and one
archway, numbered as 145, on the south side of the
Grassmarket, led to what was called the Temple
Close, but they have all been removed. It was
a lofty pile, and is mentioned in a charter of
that the sum of seyenteen
guineas was sufficient
payment.
At the foot of the
Bow, and on the west
side chiefly, were a few
old tenements, that,
in consequence of
being built upon
ground which had
originally belonged to
the Knights of the
Temple, were styled
Templar Lands, and
were distinguished by
having iron crosses on
their fronts and gables.
In the ?Heart of
Midlothian,? Scott
describes them as being
of uncommon
height and antique
appearance ; but of
late years they have
all disappeared.
It was during the
Grand Mastership of
Everhard de Bar, and
while that brave warrior,
with only 130
knights of the order,
, was fighting under the
banner of Louis VII.
at Damascus, that the
Grand Priory of Scotland
was instituted,
~~
KOMIEU?S HOUSE.
( F Y o ~ a Measured Dnrwing by T. Hamilton, pzr6Zislud in 1830.)
and the knight who presided over it was then
styled Magziter Domus T?YZi in Sotid, when
lands were bestowed on the order,first by King
David I., and then by many others. To all the
property belonging to the Temple a great value
was attached, from the circumstance that it
afforded, until the extinction of heritable jurisdictions
in 1747, the benefit of sanctuary; thus
the Temple tenements in Fifeshire are still termed
houses of refuge.
Tempillands, lyand
next ye Gray Friers?
Yard;? and in 1598,
?a temple tenement
lyand near the Gray
Friars ? Yett ? was confirmed
to James Kent
(Torphichen Charters).
On these the
iron cross was visible
in 1824.
On the dissolution
of the order all this
property in Scotland
was bestowed upon
their rivals, the
Knights of St. John of
Jerusalem ; and the
houses referred to became
eventually a part
of the barony of Drem
(of old a Temple
Priory) in Haddingtonshire,
the baron of
which used to hold
courts in them occasionally,
and here, till
I 747, were harboured
persons not free of
the city corporations, I
to the great annoyance
of the adherents of
local monopoly ; but
so lately as 1731, on
the 24th of August,
the Temple vassals
were ordered by the Bailie of Lord Torphichen,
to erect the cross of St. John ?on the Templelands
within Burgh, amerciating [fining] such as
did not affix the said cross.?? This was a strange
enactment in a country where it is still doubtful
whether such an emblem can figure as an ornament
upon a tomb or church. CIearly there must have
been some disinclination to affix the crosses,
otherwise the regulation would scarcely have been
passed.
buildings
shops
templar
knights
... Bow.1 THE TEMPLE LANDS. 321 and diversion from other patients, and his lucrum assans, he has lost more than ...

Book 2  p. 321
(Score 1.63)

......

Book 10  p. 126
(Score 1.62)

......

Book 8  p. 115
(Score 1.61)

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